A Parent's Guide to Kids' Vaccines
Influenza Vaccine Live, Intranasal
• What it's for: Protects (immunizes) against influenza in children and adults ages 2 to 49 years of age. Should not be used in children less than 24 months of age.
• Common side effects: Runny nose, nasal congestion, fever greater than 100 degrees F in children ages 2 to 6 and sore throat in adults.
• Tell your health care provider beforehand if: The individual is moderately or severely ill, has a weakened immune system, has asthma or recurrent wheezing, has a history of Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) within 6 weeks of any prior influenza vaccination, has ever had an allergic reaction to eggs, egg proteins, gentamicin, gelatin or arginine, or to a previous dose of the flu vaccine. Also inform them if your children or adolescents are currently receiving aspirin or aspirin-containing therapy because of the association of Reye's syndrome with aspirin and wild-type influenza infection.
Measles, Mumps and Rubella Vaccine, Live (MMRII)
• What it's for: Protects (immunizes) individuals 12 months of age and older against measles, mumps, and rubella. Measles is a respiratory infection that causes skin rash and flu-like symptoms. It can cause severe disease leading to ear infection, pneumonia, seizures, and brain damage. Mumps causes fever, headache and swollen glands, especially salivary glands. It can also lead to deafness, meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord covering), and painful swelling of the testicles or ovaries. Rubella, also called German Measles, is an infection of the skin and lymph nodes and can cause arthritis. Rubella infection during pregnancy can lead to birth defects.
• Common side effects: Fever, mild rash, fainting, headache, dizziness, irritability and in rare cases, swelling of the glands in the cheeks or neck, and a general feeling of being unwell. Burning/stinging, redness, swelling, and tenderness at the injection site.
• Tell your health care provider beforehand if: The individual is ill or has ever had an allergic reaction to eggs, gelatin, the antibiotic neomycin, or a previous dose of the MMR vaccine. This is a live vaccine so you should tell your health care provider if the individual has a fever, has a weakened immune system (is immunosuppressed), has cancer or AIDS.