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    Treatment for Bruises

    Treating a Bruise at Home

    1. Reduce Bruising and Swelling

    • Ice the area on and off for the first 24-48 hours.
    • Apply ice for about 15 minutes at a time, and always put something like a towel or wash cloth between the ice and your skin.
    • Rest the affected area.
    • If possible, elevate the affected area.

    2. Treat Symptoms

    Recommended Related to First Aid

    Understanding Sprains and Strains -- Symptoms

    Sprains affect your joints. Strains affect your muscles. Both usually occur after a fall or sudden movement that violently pulls or twists a part of your body. Chronic overuse of muscles or joints can also cause strains and sprains. Symptoms of a sprain: Feeling a tear or pop in a joint followed by pain, swelling, and bruising Stiffness or instability of the joint  Warmth and redness of the skin near the affected joint Symptoms of a strain: Sharp pain at the site ...

    Read the Understanding Sprains and Strains -- Symptoms article > >

    3. When to Call a Doctor

    • If bruise is accompanied by extreme pain, swelling or redness
    • If the person is taking a blood-thinning medication
    • If bruises appear on skin for no apparent reason
    • The bruise in on the face or head
    • You can’t move a joint
    • You may have a broken bone

    4. Follow Up

    • Two days after a bruise develops, apply a heat pack or wash cloth soaked in warm water to the area several times a day to promote healing.
    • Pain and tenderness should get better within a few days and the bruise should go away within a couple of weeks.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on April 15, 2015

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