Get Sport-Specific at the Gym
Tailor Your Workout
Workouts for Special Situations
Suppose you're going back to exercise after surgery. T.R.
Goodman, a certified personal trainer who works out of Gold's Gym in Venice,
Calif., helped actor James Caan after surgery on his shoulder. They went
through a series of steps starting with assisted movements, so the muscle
fibers would get exercise without being overstrained. Then they used gentle stretching motions, and then repetitive work with very
light medicine balls.
"After surgery you have to think of the area as if it has its own
identity -- as if it's an infant, weak and afraid," Goodman says. "You have
to convince the muscles they can function again in an uninhibited way, that
other muscles don't have to compensate."
Workouts after a sports injury vary, Goodman says, depending on
the specific joint and injury. General principles include rest and
anti-inflammatories at first.
"Then you have look at the underlying causes," he says.
"There may be a problem in movement patterns that can be corrected through
appropriate exercises and muscle strengthening."
The New Orleans clinic also offers a wellness program for
discharged medical patients, who still want to work out but aren't comfortable
in a fitness center atmosphere. Even people who're recovering from serious
illnesses can and should work out, Baudry says.
"After cancer treatment you're feeling
run down, so it's important to do something to get your heartbeat up," he
says. "Get moving. Even a little bit can be important in maintaining
strength and helps your outlook."
Staying Fit During Pregnancy
If you're pregnant and haven't been working out, this probably
isn't a good time to start, says Yvonne Bennett, a certified personal trainer
and president of Fit2Fit.com.
"Talk with your obstetrician and discuss your options,"
she advises. Walking and gentle stretching are among the safest and most
beneficial choices in this case, she says.
On the other hand, women who have been working out can continue
to do a modified workout while pregnant. Bennett herself continued to work with
free weights, bench training, and yoga stretches while she was pregnant.
"I did have to slow down aerobic training -- no more than
20 minutes on the bicycle. And after you enter the fourth month, you shouldn't
do any exercises lying on your back," she says.
But even if you're an experienced athlete, she stresses, you
should still discuss your exercise
program with your obstetrician.