Get Sport-Specific at the Gym
Tailor Your Workout
Cycling Your Workout Regimen continued...
Rich Baudry, PT, a physical therapist at Crescent City Physical
Therapy in New Orleans, has developed a specialized workout for golfers, who
often need to increase flexibility, especially in hip and shoulder
"You need to play within the limits of your particular
capabilities," he says. "If you aren't flexible enough right now to do
a full swing, then you have to shorten your swing while you work to improve
your capabilities over time."
Because workouts can take so many different forms, it's very
helpful to get expert advice. How often do you need to see a personal
"That depends on how intelligent and motivated you
are," Hoffman says. "Do you need to see someone often to kick your
butt, or do you need guidance every six weeks to refresh your
Hoffman recommends asking for recommendations about personal
trainers, just the way you'd ask around when looking for a new doctor.
"Talk to friends who've worked with that trainer and ask whether they've
made progress," he says.
Workouts for Special Situations
Suppose you're going back to exercise after surgery. T.R.
Goodman, a certified personal trainer who works out of Gold's Gym in Venice,
Calif., helped actor James Caan after surgery on his shoulder. They went
through a series of steps starting with assisted movements, so the muscle
fibers would get exercise without being overstrained. Then they used gentle stretching motions, and then repetitive work with very
light medicine balls.
"After surgery you have to think of the area as if it has its own
identity -- as if it's an infant, weak and afraid," Goodman says. "You have
to convince the muscles they can function again in an uninhibited way, that
other muscles don't have to compensate."
Workouts after a sports injury vary, Goodman says, depending on
the specific joint and injury. General principles include rest and
anti-inflammatories at first.
"Then you have look at the underlying causes," he says.
"There may be a problem in movement patterns that can be corrected through
appropriate exercises and muscle strengthening."