A No-Weight Workout
Training without weights has other pluses, too. For one thing,
it travels well. "You can drop anywhere and do 20 push-ups," says
Rothenberg. And since you don't have to worry as much about proper form when
training without weights, it's is a good place to start if you're a
strength-training novice. -->Build Strength That You Can Actually
It's also particularly appropriate if you're mostly just
interested in "functional strength" -- the kind of power you need not
to curl a dumbbell but to carry a bag of groceries. "Exercises like
push-ups help you with the real things you do, like pushing the sofa to the
other side of the room," says Rothenberg.
Admittedly, there are limitations to training without weights,
particularly if you're doing exercises that rely solely on your own bodyweight.
"You can't [easily] increase the weight so it's difficult to make the
muscles work harder than they're used to," says Hurley. "That limits
your strength gains. And since there haven't been any studies looking at the
effects of training without weights on bone density, we don't know if it works
as well to keep bones strong." In addition, if you've been training with
weights for some time and then switch to weightless training, you may lose some
of your initial gains in strength.
Still, if the choice -- as it seems to be for most people -- is
between doing nothing and strength training without weights, fitness experts
will advise the latter every time. -->The Anywhere Workout
And your weightless workout need not bog down your mind either.
You need only to remember a few do-anywhere exercises:
- sit-ups for abdominal muscles
- push-ups for the arms, chest, and shoulders
- dips for the back of the arms
- squats for the muscles in the rear and front of the thighs
- calf raises for the lower portion of the leg.
Like Erenstoft, you also might work some simple equipment into
your regime. Both specially designed rubber bands and rubber tubing with
handles can add resistance, as can simple household items. "To increase the
resistance when you're doing squats, for example, you can do something as
simple as hold soup cans or milk jugs filled with water," says Bryant.
What's more, two of the hottest exercises around, yoga and
Pilates, also fit the "no weight" bill, says Rothenberg. Many of the
poses in yoga require using one's own body weight to load the muscles. Take the
"warrior" pose, for example. It's essentially a lunge, one that works
the muscle in the front of the thigh. Pilates is a series of exercises that
involve slow, precise moves -- either using your body weight or specially
designed machines -- to work your muscles. You might work your abdominal and
leg muscles, for example, by pushing against a bar on springs or by raising
your legs when they're attached (by straps) to a pulley.
Whether you choose to use some equipment or forgo strength
training tools altogether, what's most important is to find a routine that you
can stick with -- exactly what Eric Erenstoft has done. "Why go to a gym
and get angry at a set of metal plates?" he says. "I like what I'm
doing now, and it's working just fine."
Originally published June 19, 2000
Updated Dec. 19, 2001