Train Your Brain With Exercise
Not only is exercise smart for your heart and weight, but it can make you smarter and better at what you do.
Anyone with a brain exercises these days, but did you know
exercise can return the favor and train your brain? Not only is exercise smart
for your heart and weight, but it can make you smarter and better at what you
"I like to say that exercise is like taking a little Prozac
or a little Ritalin at just the right moment," says John J. Ratey, MD, an
associate professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and author of A
User's Guide to the Brain. "Exercise is really for the brain, not the
body. It affects mood, vitality, alertness, and feelings of
Stephen C. Putnam, MEd, took up canoeing in a serious way to
combat the symptoms of adult ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder).
Then he wrote a book, titled Nature's Ritalin for the Marathon Mind,
about the benefits of exercise on troublesome brain disorders such as ADHD, a
neurological/behavioral condition resulting in hyperactivity and the inability
to focus on tasks.
Putnam cites studies of children who ran around for 15 to 45
minutes before class and cut their ants-in-the-pants behavior by half when they
got to class. As with most exercise, the effects were relatively lasting --
smoothing out behavior two to four hours after the exercise.
Putnam also points to some preliminary animal research that
suggests that exercise can cause new stem cells to grow, refreshing the brain
and other body parts. According to Ratey, exercise also stimulates nerve growth
factors. "I call it Miracle-Gro for the brain," he says.
How Exercise Trains the Brain
Christin Anderson, MS, wellness and fitness coordinator of the
University of San Francisco, explains that exercise affects many sites within
the nervous system and sets off pleasure chemicals such as serotonin and
dopamine that make us feel calm, happy, and euphoric.
In other words, if you don't want to wait for those good
feelings to come by accident (if they do), you can bring them on by
"When one exercises," Anderson says, "you can think
more clearly, perform better, and your morale is better. This is pure science
-- stimulate your nervous system and function at a higher level."
Effects of Exercise on Depression
Almost everyone has heard of the "fog of war," but the
"fog of living" is depression. "Depression affects memory and
effectiveness (not to mention the ability to get up, get dressed, and
function)," Anderson says. "If you can control your physiology, you can
relax, focus, and remember."
In a study reported in the Journal of Sports Medicine and
Physical Fitness in 2001, 80 young male and female volunteers were tested
for mood and then did aerobics for an hour. Of the 80, 52 were depressed before
the exercise. That group was the most likely to benefit, reporting a reduction
in anger, fatigue, and tension. They also felt more vigorous after the