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    If you're not sure whether to go ahead with surgery, think about the pros and cons. It may seem like a daunting task, but with your doctor's help, you can lay out the risks and benefits.

    These simple steps can make it easier to reach a decision.

    No. 1. Learn what to expect.

    Ask your surgeon to get specific about how an operation will help you. For instance, will it:

    • Take your pain away?
    • Improve how your body works?
    • Keep your condition from getting worse?

    Decide how important it is to get relief, says Frederick L. Greene, MD, a medical director at the Levine Cancer Institute in Charlotte, N.C. Look at the impact your condition has on you now. Then ask yourself: Does it bother you or limit your lifestyle?

    Think about how likely it is that the operation will work. Ask your surgeon what the success rate is, says Todd J. Albert, MD, surgeon-in-chief at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York. "What's the percentage chance of it taking the pain away?"

    Ask how long the results will last and if you'll need more procedures later. Compare that to what will happen if you don't have the operation.

    No. 2. Review other treatment options.

    Sometimes there are ways to handle a problem without surgery. Your doctor can help explain your choices.

    For instance, lifestyle changes may improve certain conditions. Ask your doctor if that's possible for you and whether or not you should consider it before you decide to have surgery.

    You may be able to do what's called "watchful waiting." That means you hold off on surgery while your doctor keeps an eye on your health to see if it gets better, worse, or stays the same.

    But that may not always be the best option. "Sometimes by not having surgery, you're really harming yourself," Albert says. Your doctor's opinion can help you make that call.

    No. 3. Check the risks.

    Ask your surgeon about possible complications and how likely they are. No surgery is 100% risk-free.

    Albert suggests you find out about the most common complication as well as the worst thing that can happen. Then ask about the likelihood of each. That can help you make up your mind about surgery.