What Caregivers Should Know About Nursing Home Care
Nursing Home Checklist continued...
Medication and health care
- What is the policy regarding storage of medication and assistance with medication?
- Is self-administration of medication allowed?
- Who coordinates visits from a physical, occupational, or speech therapist if needed?
- Is staff available to provide 24-hour assistance with activities of daily living, if needed? Daily activities include:
- Hygiene and grooming
- Bathing, toileting, and incontinence
- Using the telephone
- Are rooms for single and double occupancy available?
- Is a 24-hour emergency response system accessible from the room?
- Are bathrooms private? Do they accommodate wheelchairs and walkers?
- Can residents bring their own furnishings? What may they bring?
- Do all rooms have a telephone? How is billing handled for long-distance calls?
Social and recreational activities
- Is there an activities program?
- Are the activities posted for residents?
- Do most of the residents at activities seem to be participating?
- Does the nursing home provide three nutritionally balanced meals a day, seven days a week?
- Is the food hot, attractive, and tasty?
- Are snacks available?
- How are special diets handled? May a resident request special foods?
- Is drinking water always accessible?
- Are common dining areas available or do residents eat meals in their rooms?
- May meals be provided at times a resident prefers or are there set meal times?
- Is assistance available for residents who need help with eating?
Residents and Atmosphere
Skilled nursing care: Care that is received in a nursing facility that provides 24-hour nursing care for convalescent residents and those with long-term care illnesses. It is one step below hospital acute care, and regular medical supervision and rehabilitation therapy are usually available.
Personal care: Care that is customized to the individual needs of activities of daily living; self-administration of medications.
Activities of daily living (ADL): Everyday activities that include bathing, grooming, eating, toileting, and dressing.
Instrumental activities of daily living (IADL): Include activities such as shopping, preparing meals, performing housework, laundering, heavy chores, managing finances, and yard work and maintenance.
Home health care: Medical and nursing care that is administered in the individual's home by a licensed provider.
Health maintenance organization (HMO): A health maintenance organization is an organized system for providing comprehensive healthcare in a specific geographic area to a voluntarily enrolled group of members.