Hepatitis Immunoglobulin (HBIG) - Topic Overview
Hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is a solution of antibodies that are able to attach to liver cells and prevent the hepatitis B virus from infecting the cells. An injection of HBIG may help prevent HBV infection if it is given within 14 days of exposure to the virus when you: Have not been immunized against HBV but have come in contact with the blood or body fluids ( semen or vaginal fluids,...
Physical Exam for Hepatitis C - Topic Overview
Your doctor will do a physical exam to look for signs of hepatitis C infection. The exam will include:Taking your temperature to see whether you have a fever.Feeling the upper part of your belly to see whether your liver or spleen is enlarged.Feeling the glands in your neck, under your arms, and in your groin to see whether they are swollen.Your doctor also may check for the following signs of advanced liver disease:Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice)Appearance of clusters of blood vessels just below the skin that look like tiny red spiders. These usually appear on the chest and shoulders.Redness on the palms of the hands caused by expansion of small blood vessels Fluid in the bellySwelling of the legs and feet Varicose veins spreading out from the navel
Hepatitis B: How to Avoid Spreading the Virus - Topic Overview
The following tips can help you prevent the spread of the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Inform the people you live with and/or have sex with about your illness as soon as possible. If you have long-term (chronic) HBV infection,you can infect others with the virus even if you have no symptoms of illness. Do not donate blood or blood products,organs,semen,or eggs (ova). Stop all sexual activity ...
Liver Transplant for Hepatitis B - Topic Overview
During a liver transplant,your damaged liver is removed and replaced with a healthy one from an organ donor. Liver transplantation is done to treat long-term (chronic) hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection only after all other treatments have not worked,because transplanted organs can become reinfected with HBV. Recurrent infections are often severe,leading to rapid failure of the transplanted ...
Fulminant Hepatitis - Topic Overview
People who have fulminant hepatitis typically develop the symptoms seen in viral hepatitis and then rapidly (within hours,days,or occasionally weeks) develop severe,often life-threatening liver failure. Symptoms of severe liver failure include confusion,extreme irritability,altered consciousness (usually leading to unconsciousness or coma),blood-clotting defects,and buildup of fluid in ...
Hepatitis A and Undercooked Shellfish - Topic Overview
Eating raw shellfish,especially oysters,may put you at risk for hepatitis A. Bivalves such as oysters and clams filter large amounts of water when feeding. If shellfish are living in water that has been contaminated with stool containing the hepatitis A virus,the shellfish may carry the virus. People then may get it when they eat the raw or undercooked shellfish. Raw shellfish also may ...
Hepatitis B: Postvaccination Test for Immunity - Topic Overview
A postvaccination test for immunity to the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is recommended only if you: Have an impaired immune system. This can be caused by many things,such as infection with HIV or the use of medicines to prevent organ rejection. Are older than age 49. Received the hepatitis B vaccine in the buttock. (The vaccine is less effective when given in the buttock. It is more effective ...
Hepatitis E - Topic Overview
What is hepatitis E? Hepatitis E is a virus that can infect the liver. Unlike other forms of hepatitis,the hepatitis E virus doesn't lead to long-term illness or serious liver damage. Most people get well within a few months. How is hepatitis E spread? People usually get hepatitis E by drinking water or eating food that’s been contaminated by feces (stool) from someone infected with hepatitis ...
Viral Hepatitis - Topic Overview
Viral hepatitis is liver inflammation caused by infection with a virus. The following viruses cause most cases of viral hepatitis: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Hepatitis C virus (HCV) Hepatitis D virus (HDV) Hepatitis E virus (HEV) A virus that causes hepatitis can be spread from one person to another. Hepatitis B,C,and D viruses are spread when an uninfected person comes ...
Interferons for Chronic Hepatitis B
Drug details for Interferons for chronic hepatitis B.