Use of intravenous (IV) drugs increases the risk of
HIV progression, although the reasons for this are not
clear. The use of IV drugs makes it more difficult to follow a treatment plan
and increases the risk of transmitting HIV to others.
Abuse of marijuana, cocaine (crack), or other drugs, or abuse of
alcohol, also increases the rate of HIV progression.
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is a group of bacteria that are related to tuberculosis. These germs are very common in food, water, and soil. Almost everyone has them in their bodies. If you have a strong immune system, they don't cause problems. But they can cause serious illness in people with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). With the right combination of medications, however, you can prevent or treat MAC. In some cases, you may need lifelong therapy.