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For Prospective Adoptive Parents

Information on how to adopt, types of adoption, the home study process, financial assistance, laws and policies, characteristics of children who wait for families, issues unique to various types of families, and information useful both before and after a child is placed in your family.

  • How to adopt
  • The adoption home study process
  • Funding adoption
  • Legal considerations for prospective adoptive parents

Foster Care Adoption

Foster care adoption involves the adoption of children who are living in the U.S. foster care system. These adoptions are usually handled through local and regional public agencies; however some States contract with licensed private agencies to recruit, train, conduct home studies and license adoptive parents for these children. In some States prospective parents will be dually licensed as both foster and an adoptive parents.

While most children who are adopted from foster care are adopted by their foster parents and other children are adopted by their relatives, nationwide there are still many thousands of children in the U.S. foster care system waiting for permanent families (See the Trends in Foster Care Adoption from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System on the Children's Bureau website for the most recent years' numbers of children waiting: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/stats_research/afcars/trends.htm. Child welfare professionals must recruit potential adoptive families for these children who are waiting for adoption.

  • Foster care adoption strategies and programs
  • Recruiting, preparing, and retaining foster/adoptive parents
  • Children waiting for adoption
  • Legal issues and laws on foster care adoption
  • National Adoption Month
  • Related resources

Recruiting, Preparing & Retaining Foster/Adoptive Parents

Strategies, tools, and organizations to help professionals identify, recruit, prepare, and retain resource families (foster, adoptive, and kinship families) for children waiting for adoptive families. Resources include State and local examples.

  • Recruiting foster/adoptive parents
  • Preparing foster/adoptive parents
  • Retaining foster/adoptive parents

Preparing & Supporting Children and Youth

Children and youth in out-of-home care need preparation and support as part of the permanency planning process.

  • Preparing children and youth for permanency
  • Transition and postplacement support

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