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Kidney Stones - Medications

Medicine to help pass stones

Medicine you can buy without a prescription, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may relieve your pain while you pass a stone.

Your doctor may also prescribe medicine to help your body pass the stone, such as alpha-blockers.

Recommended Related to Kidney Stones

Understanding Kidney Stones -- the Basics

Kidney stones are created when certain substances in urine -- including calcium, oxalate, and sometimes uric acid -- crystallize. These minerals and salts form crystals, which can then join together and form a kidney stone. Kidney stones usually form within the kidney, where urine collects before flowing into the ureter, the tube that leads to the bladder. Small kidney stones are able to pass out of the body in the urine -- and may go completely unnoticed by you. But larger stones can irritate...

Read the Understanding Kidney Stones -- the Basics article > >

Medicine to prevent stones

Which medicine you take depends on the type of stones you have.

Calcium stones

Calcium stones are the most common kind of kidney stone. To prevent them, you may take:

Uric acid stones

Some kidney stones are made of uric acid, a waste product that normally exits the body in the urine. To prevent these types of stones, you may take:

Cystine stones

A very small number of stones are made of a chemical called cystine. Medicines to prevent them include:

Struvite stones

Some struvite stones (staghorn calculi) form because of frequent kidney infections. If you have a struvite stone, you will most likely need antibiotics to cure the infection and help prevent new stones from forming. You may need surgery to remove the stone. Urease inhibitors may be used to prevent struvite stones.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: May 02, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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