Medicine to help pass stones
Medicine you can buy without a prescription, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may relieve your pain while you pass a stone.
Your doctor may also prescribe medicine to help your body pass the stone, such as alpha-blockers.
Medicine to prevent stones
Which medicine you take depends on the type of stones you have.
- Potassium citrate.
Uric acid stones
Some kidney stones are made of uric acid, a waste product that normally exits the body in the urine. To prevent these types of stones, you may take:
A very small number of stones are made of a chemical called cystine. Medicines to prevent them include:
Some struvite stones (staghorn calculi) form because of frequent kidney infections. If you have a struvite stone, you will most likely need antibiotics to cure the infection and help prevent new stones from forming. You may need surgery to remove the stone. Urease inhibitors may be used to prevent struvite stones.