Your lungs work hard -- most adults take more than 20,000 breaths a day. But just how well your lungs do their job may be affected by the job you do.
Chemicals. Germs. Tobacco smoke and dirt. Fibers, dust, and even things you might not think are dangerous can damage your airway and threaten your lungs.
"The lungs are complex organs," Philip Harber, MD, MPH, professor of public health at the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health at the University of Arizona in Tucson, tells WebMD. "Occupational...
Pneumonia (viral or bacterial) is the most common.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is often the cause
of these infections.
Airway obstruction. Some infants who have
chronic lung disease experience some obstruction of their airway that is caused
by narrowing of and damage to the airway (laryngotracheal stenosis and
tracheomalacia), conditions that are associated with
prolonged or more frequent use of breathing tubes.
the bloodstream (sepsis).
Increased blood pressure in the
lungs (pulmonary hypertension) leading to enlargement of the right side of the
heart and possible
heart failure, which occurs in infants who are
Respiratory distress that requires a
ventilator to help with breathing throughout early
Growth problems. Compared with other
children of the same age, children who have chronic lung disease may be
shorter, weigh less, have a smaller head, have hearing or vision problems, and
have learning problems.
which is a group of motor problems and physical disorders that result from a
brain injury or abnormal brain development.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Jennifer Merchant, MD - Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine
April 27, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
April 27, 2011
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