These effects can be scary and troubling. But they usually get much better or even disappear with treatment. Lifestyle changes, medications, and complementary therapies can help migraines and their related symptoms.
Migraines are a type of headache that tend to cause other symptoms, too, such as nausea and vision problems. They can last for a few hours to a few days. But a migraine that lasts for more than 72 hours is called status migrainosus. To treat it, you may need to go to the hospital to get help relieving the pain and dehydration from vomiting.
A typical migraine can sometimes turn into status migrainosus if:
You don’t get treatment early enough after the attack starts.
You don’t get the...
Vision problems usually start 20 minutes to an hour before the headache. Even if you don't get an aura to warn you, the headache itself may cause vision trouble.
A retinal migraine causes a variety of visual symptoms, possibly blindness in one eye, before and during the headache. Fortunately, these problems go away with it, but permanent vision loss may be a complication of this type of migraine.
Other serious conditions, such as optic nerve problems or a tear in the arteries that supply blood to your brain, can also cause one-sided blindness. See your doctor as soon as you can to rule them out.
Vertigo and Dizziness
Migraines are one of the leading causes of dizziness. More than one-fourth of the people in the U.S. who have migraines get this uncomfortable symptom. Dizziness and vertigo are more common when you have migraines with aura.
You may feel lightheaded or unsteady -- vertigo makes it seem like the room is spinning. It may happen before or at the same time as the headache. Sometimes you won't get a headache at all. The symptoms may last anywhere from a few seconds to days.
The sensations are actually related to your inner ear. In fact, some people who have vertigo with their migraines also have other ear and hearing problems such as sound sensitivity and ringing in their ears.
Some people who have migraine-related vertigo don't get this symptom until several years after their headache episodes begin.
Doctors have a hard time diagnosing vertigo caused by migraine. That's because people who have these headaches often have other conditions that may cause dizziness, too, including anxiety, depression, and low blood pressure related to their body position.