Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started
My Medicine

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Font Size

Kidney Dialysis Best After Dark?

Frequent Nighttime Dialysis May Trump Fewer Daytime Dialysis Sessions
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

Sept. 19, 2007 -- Getting kidney dialysis frequently at night may be better than getting daytime dialysis less often, a new study shows.

If confirmed, the findings may help dialysis patients live longer and healthier lives, according to an editorial published with the study in today's edition of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

Dialysis treatment, which uses artificial devices to perform the kidneys' functions, is necessary for cases of advanced kidney disease.

The new kidney dialysis study included 52 Canadians with end-stage renal (kidney) disease. The patients -- who were in their early to mid-50s, on average -- were getting kidney dialysis three times per week at dialysis centers.

Half of the patients stuck with that dialysis schedule. The rest were trained to give themselves kidney dialysis at home, six nights per week.

Heart scans taken at the beginning and end of the six-month study show a difference between the two groups.

Dialysis Study's Findings

Kidney disease puts people at risk for heart disease. One sign of heart risk is an enlarged left ventricle, the heart's powerful pumping chamber.

The left ventricle shrank in the patients who got nighttime dialysis but grew slightly in those who got daytime dialysis. That suggests a possible heart benefit from nighttime dialysis.

Patients who got nighttime dialysis also improved their blood pressure and mineral levels, and they were able to cut back on their use of blood pressure drugs and other medications,

The patients also completed surveys about their quality of life.

Overall quality-of-life ratings weren't very high for any of the patients. But patients reported feeling less burdened by their kidney disease after starting nighttime dialysis.

The study has some limits. The patients were all accustomed to dialysis, so it's not clear if newcomers to dialysis would master the technique as well. Also, the study was relatively small and short, so the findings need to be confirmed in future studies.

The researchers -- who included the University of Calgary's Bruce Culleton, MD -- aren't sure exactly why nighttime dialysis trumped daytime dialysis.

The patients who got nighttime dialysis spent more time getting dialysis, and that "likely was the critical element," write Culleton and colleagues.

The study's results are "impressive," but it would be interesting to see if the effects last beyond six months, writes editorialist Alan Kliger, MD, of Yale University and the Hospital of St. Raphael in New Haven, Conn.

WebMD Video: Now Playing

Click here to wach video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

Which sex is the worst about washing up? Why is it so important? We’ve got the dirty truth on how and when to wash your hands.

Click here to watch video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing