Arthrocentesis for Temporomandibular Disorders - Topic Overview
Arthrocentesis is done by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon,who uses needles to withdraw fluid from and/or inject fluid or medicine into a joint space. Arthrocentesis of the temporomandibular (TM) joint is used: To treat painful and limited jaw movement (hypomobility) or disc displacement that has caused chronic,severe pain. As a diagnostic tool,when there is a need to analyze joint fluid ...
Temporomandibular Disorders: Problems With the Disc - Topic Overview
The articular disc provides a cushion between the ball and socket of the temporomandibular (TM) joint. It is very common for the TM joint to painlessly click or pop while opening or closing. These sounds are related to the ball (condyle) of the joint passing over the disc as the jaw opens or closes. Such painless noises are not a cause for concern. As a result of joint stress or injury to the ...
Jaw Problems: Structural Problems and Injury - Topic Overview
Problems in the structure of the jaw joint include: Problems in the bones or other structures of the joint. These may have been present since birth (congenital),developed over time,or been caused by injury. Problems with the disc that cushions the joint between the jawbone (mandible) and the skull,such as the disc moving out of its normal position (disc displacement) or tearing (usually the ...
Understanding Strep Throat -- Treatment
Facts on strep throat treatment.
Arthroscopy for Temporomandibular Disorders
For arthroscopic jaw surgery, the surgeon inserts a pencil-thin, lighted tube (arthroscope) into the jaw joint through a small incision in the skin. The arthroscope is connected to a small camera outside the body that transmits a close-up image.
Jaw Problems: Exercise and Relaxation - Topic Overview
To help prevent or treat a temporomandibular disorder (TMD), you can try gentle jaw exercises. You can also try techniques that help you relax your jaw muscles.ExerciseTry a gentle exercise to restore normal range of motion, improve flexibility, and strengthen the jaw muscles. Your doctor, dentist, or physical therapist can recommend additional exercises.Do not do this exercise when your pain is severe or if it makes your pain worse.While watching yourself in a mirror, gently open and close your mouth, dropping your jaw straight up and down.Repeat for a few minutes each morning and night.Look for small improvements in the jaw's range of motion as you practice this exercise from day to day.RelaxationPaying attention to how you use your jaw can both prevent and help relieve symptoms. Good habits that help relax and rest your jaw include: Keep your teeth apart and your lips closed.Keep your tongue on the roof of your mouth, not between your teeth.Avoid things that make your jaw
Temporomandibular Disorders: Medical History and Physical Exam - Topic Overview
If a temporomandibular (TM) disorder is suspected,your dentist or primary care doctor will ask you to describe: Your jaw pain,including how long you have had it,whether you wake up with sore,stiff jaw muscles,and where you feel pain. Any recent change in the way your teeth fit together. Daily habits that may promote jaw pain-for example,whether your pain gets worse when you clench your ...
Jaw Problems: Changing Your Diet - Topic Overview
Changes in your diet can reduce the mechanical stress on your temporomandibular (TM) joint and may help relieve your jaw pain. Avoid hard or chewy foods (such as popcorn,jerky,tough meats,chewy breads,gum,and raw apples and carrots) that cause your jaws to work overtime. Choose softer foods that are easy to chew,such as eggs,casseroles,yogurt,and soup. Cut your food into small,...
Bruxism and Temporomandibular Disorders - Topic Overview
Bruxism is the unconscious act of grinding the teeth,usually at night during sleep. Bruxism has been observed in people of all ages,including young children. It is a contributing factor in temporomandibular (TM) disorders. Like daytime teeth clenching,bruxism is often considered to be stress-related. Sleep disorders are also a cause of bruxism. The negative effects of bruxism include: ...
Temporomandibular Disorders: Ways to Ease Pain - Topic Overview
Apply moist heat to your jaw to relieve sore,tense muscles related to a temporomandibular disorder. Do not apply heat to your jaw if it has swollen after an injury. Dip a towel in hot tap water or warm a damp towel in a microwave oven. You may also use a hot pack,electric moist heating unit,or a heating pad set on low or medium. Apply moist heat (no warmer than bath water) to your jaw ...