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Medical Reference Related to Oral Health

  1. Diagnostic Arthroscopy for Temporomandibular Disorders - Topic Overview

    Arthroscopy may be used to diagnose a temporomandibular (TM) disorder when: The source of the symptoms can't be identified with other tests,and other treatment has not relieved pain. A surgeon needs to confirm the diagnosis of a joint problem before surgery. A health professional needs to see how the joint moves to make a diagnosis. ...

  2. Arthroscopy for Temporomandibular Disorders

    For arthroscopic jaw surgery, the surgeon inserts a pencil-thin, lighted tube (arthroscope) into the jaw joint through a small incision in the skin. The arthroscope is connected to a small camera outside the body that transmits a close-up image.

  3. Arthrocentesis for Temporomandibular Disorders - Topic Overview

    Arthrocentesis is done by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon,who uses needles to withdraw fluid from and/or inject fluid or medicine into a joint space. Arthrocentesis of the temporomandibular (TM) joint is used: To treat painful and limited jaw movement (hypomobility) or disc displacement that has caused chronic,severe pain. As a diagnostic tool,when there is a need to analyze joint fluid ...

  4. Bruxism and Temporomandibular Disorders - Topic Overview

    Bruxism is the unconscious act of grinding the teeth,usually at night during sleep. Bruxism has been observed in people of all ages,including young children. It is a contributing factor in temporomandibular (TM) disorders. Like daytime teeth clenching,bruxism is often considered to be stress-related. Sleep disorders are also a cause of bruxism. The negative effects of bruxism include: ...

  5. Temporomandibular Disorders: Having Good Body Mechanics - Topic Overview

    Changing body mechanics can help you prevent or treat a temporomandibular (TM) disorder. Maintain good posture. Slumping your shoulders or assuming positions in which your upper body is thrust forward (many people do this to relieve back pain) disturbs the natural alignment between your facial bones and muscles. Don't sleep on the painful side of your face. Avoid sleeping on your stomach. ...

  6. Physical Therapy for Temporomandibular Disorders

    A physical therapist can develop a program for you that includes learning and practicing techniques for regaining normal jaw movement. The focus of physical therapy for temporomandibular (TM) disorders is relaxation, stretching, and releasing tight muscles and scar tissue. Physical therapy is an especially important part of recovery from TM joint surgery, as it helps minimize scar tissue ...

  7. Temporomandibular Disorders: Problems With the Disc - Topic Overview

    The articular disc provides a cushion between the ball and socket of the temporomandibular (TM) joint. It is very common for the TM joint to painlessly click or pop while opening or closing. These sounds are related to the ball (condyle) of the joint passing over the disc as the jaw opens or closes. Such painless noises are not a cause for concern. As a result of joint stress or injury to the ...

  8. Jaw Problems: Exercise and Relaxation - Topic Overview

    To help prevent or treat a temporomandibular disorder (TMD), you can try gentle jaw exercises. You can also try techniques that help you relax your jaw muscles.ExerciseTry a gentle exercise to restore normal range of motion, improve flexibility, and strengthen the jaw muscles. Your doctor, dentist, or physical therapist can recommend additional exercises.Do not do this exercise when your pain is severe or if it makes your pain worse.While watching yourself in a mirror, gently open and close your mouth, dropping your jaw straight up and down.Repeat for a few minutes each morning and night.Look for small improvements in the jaw's range of motion as you practice this exercise from day to day.RelaxationPaying attention to how you use your jaw can both prevent and help relieve symptoms. Good habits that help relax and rest your jaw include: Keep your teeth apart and your lips closed.Keep your tongue on the roof of your mouth, not between your teeth.Avoid things that make your jaw

  9. Temporomandibular Disorders: Medical History and Physical Exam - Topic Overview

    If a temporomandibular (TM) disorder is suspected,your dentist or primary care doctor will ask you to describe: Your jaw pain,including how long you have had it,whether you wake up with sore,stiff jaw muscles,and where you feel pain. Any recent change in the way your teeth fit together. Daily habits that may promote jaw pain-for example,whether your pain gets worse when you clench your ...

  10. Understanding Strep Throat -- Prevention

    Read about strep throat prevention.

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How Do I Measure Up? Get the Facts Fast!

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Only 18.5% of Americans never floss. You are missing out on a simple way to make a big difference in the health of your mouth. Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Floss removes food trapped between the teeth and removes the film of bacteria that forms there before it turns to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Try flossing just one tooth to get started.

You are one of 31% of Americans who don't floss daily. You are missing out on a simple way to make a big difference in the health of your mouth. Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Toothbrush bristles alone cannot clean effectively between these tight spaces. Flossing removes up to 80% of the film that hardens to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Aim for 3 more days!

You are one of 31% of Americans who don't floss daily, but you're well on your way to making a positive impact on your teeth and gums. Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Toothbrush bristles alone cannot clean effectively between these tight spaces. Flossing removes up to 80% of the film that hardens to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Aim for all 7 days!

Only 50.5% of Americans floss daily, and good for you that you are one of them! Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Toothbrush bristles alone cannot clean effectively between these tight spaces. Flossing removes up to 80% of the film that hardens to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Congratulations on your good oral health habit!

SOURCES:

American Dental Association, Healthy People 2010

This tool is intended only for adults 18 and older.

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