While there's no cure for osteoarthritis, you can still do much to relieve
pain and stay active. Your osteoarthritis treatment will depend on several
factors, including the severity of your pain -- and how much it affects your
Osteoarthritis often progresses slowly, with periods when there's little or
no change. If you have mild-to-moderate osteoarthritis, you can probably
control your symptoms with nonprescription pain relievers. When those don't
work, your doctor will...
If you're taking a narcotic for arthritis pain, keep in mind that alcohol and drugs containing acetaminophen or Tylenol don't mix. The combination can greatly increase your risk of severe liver damage.
When you take narcotic drugs, you also run the risk of developing a tolerance to the drugs. That means you need more and more of the drugs in order to get the same effect. You also run the risk of becoming dependent or even addicted. In addition, narcotic drugs can cause side effects such as constipation, drowsiness, dry mouth, and difficulty urinating. The drugs methylnaltrexone (Relistor) and naloxegol (Movantik) are approved to treat constipation due to opioid use in those with chronic pain.
How Do Narcotics Relieve Arthritis Pain?
Unlike ibuprofen, Motrin, Aleve, or other NSAID drugs, narcotics do not decrease the inflammation that occurs with arthritis. Narcotic drugs work on pain receptors on nerve cells to relieve pain.
If you have pain that isn't relieved by a narcotic drug or NSAID alone, speak to your doctor about combining the two. In some cases, an NSAID/narcotic combination may relieve pain better than either alone.