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Ovarian Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Ovarian Cancer

  1. Ovarian Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Evidence of Benefit

    Pathogenesis The pathogenesis of ovarian carcinoma remains unclear. Several theories have been proposed to explain the epidemiology of ovarian cancer including the theory of "incessant ovulation",[ 1,2 ] gonadotropin stimulation,[ 3 ] excess androgenic stimulation,[ 4 ] and inflammation.[ 5 ] Associated risk factors for ovarian cancer support some or all of these hypotheses. For example,oral ...

  2. Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (02 / 15 / 2013)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.General Information About Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Updated statistics with estimated new cases and deaths for 2013 (cited American Cancer Society as reference 1).This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.

  3. Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Treatment Option Overview

    All patients except those with stage I,grade I immature teratoma and stage IA dysgerminoma require postoperative chemotherapy. With platinum-based combination chemotherapy,the prognosis for patients with endodermal sinus tumors,immature teratomas,embryonal carcinomas,choriocarcinomas,and mixed tumors containing 1 or more of these elements has improved dramatically.[ 1 ] As new and more ...

  4. Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage I Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

    Note: Some citations in the text of this section are followed by a level of evidence. The PDQ editorial boards use a formal ranking system to help the reader judge the strength of evidence linked to the reported results of a therapeutic strategy. (Refer to the PDQ summary on Levels of Evidence for more information.) Dysgerminomas STANDARD TREATMENT OPTIONS: For patients with stage I ...

  5. Ovarian Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Patient Information [NCI] - What is screening?

    Screening is looking for cancer before a person has any symptoms. This can help find cancer at an early stage. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found early,it may be easier to treat. By the time symptoms appear,cancer may have begun to spread. Scientists are trying to better understand which people are more likely to get certain types of cancer. They also study the things we do and the ...

  6. Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Get More Information From NCI

    Get more information on ovarian low malignant potential tumors treatment. How to contact the National Cancer Institute (NCI) via phone (1-800-4-Cancer), online, or mail. Plus, details on how to search the NCI web site, and how to order NCI publications.

  7. Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options for Recurrent Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

    Treatment depends on whether the tumor is dysgerminoma or another type of germ cell tumor. Treatment of dysgerminoma may be: Chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy. Treatment of other germ cell tumors may include the following: Chemotherapy. Surgery with or without chemotherapy. A clinical trial of high-dose chemotherapy followed by bone marrow transplant. A clinical trial of new ...

  8. Ovarian Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Description of the Evidence

    BackgroundIncidence and mortalityOvarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States and has the highest mortality rate of all gynecologic cancers.[1] It is estimated that 22,240 new cases of ovarian cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2013, and 14,030 women will die of this disease.[1] The median age at diagnosis is 63 years.[2] The prognosis for survival from ovarian cancer largely depends on the extent of disease at diagnosis. The overall 5-year survival rate for ovarian cancer is lower than 50%. Only about 15% of women present with localized disease at diagnosis.[1,2]From 2005 to 2009, incidence rates decreased by 0.9% per year, and mortality rates decreased by 2.0% per year.[1]Ovarian cancer is rare; the lifetime risk of being diagnosed with ovarian cancer is 1.38%.[2]Types of Ovarian CancerThe term ovarian cancer encompasses a heterogeneous group of malignant tumors of ovarian origin that may arise from

  9. Ovarian Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Patient Information [NCI] - Get More Information From NCI

    Sources of further information about Ovarian Cancer Screening.

  10. Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - To Learn More About Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

    For more information from the National Cancer Institute about ovarian germ cell tumors,see the Ovarian Cancer Home Page. For general cancer information and other resources from the National Cancer Institute,see the following: What You Need to Know About™ Cancer - An Overview Understanding Cancer Series: Cancer Staging: Questions and Answers Chemotherapy and You: Support for People With Cancer ...

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