Opioid (Narcotic) Pain Medications
Opioid Side Effects
One of the reasons why your doctor needs to manage your pain medications so closely is that they can potentially cause side effects, such as:
- nausea and vomiting
The drug naloxegol (Movanik) has been approved specifically to treat constipation due to opioid use in those with chronic pain not caused by cancer.
Opioids can be dangerous if you take them with alcohol, or with certain drugs such as:
- some antidepressants
- sleeping pills
Make sure your doctor knows all of the other medicines you're taking. That includes:
- prescription drugs
- over-the-counter drugs
- herbal supplements
Opioid Tolerance and Addiction
After taking opioid pain medication for a while, you might find that you need more and more of the drug to achieve the same effect in reducing pain. This is called tolerance. It's not the same as addiction, which involves a compulsive use of a drug.
When you use opioid medication over an extended period of time, you can develop dependence. This can occur when your body becomes so used to the drug that if you abruptly stop taking it, you get withdrawal symptoms such as:
You can also develop an addiction to opioid pain medications. People who are addicted to opioids compulsively seek out the pain medications. They typically have behaviors that lead to negative consequences in their personal lives or workplace.
If you are having a problem with addiction, you might need to see an addiction specialist.
Should You Take Opioid Pain Medications?
Opioids can make a dramatic difference to people with moderate to severe pain. These drugs can be an effective therapy -- as long as you use them safely and follow your doctor's instructions carefully.