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Cervical Disc Disease Treatment: Drugs That Can Help

Neck pain is one of the main symptoms of cervical disc disease, in which discs between vertebrae become herniated or deteriorate, sometimes pinching nerves.

Several different drugs, from pain relievers to anti-inflammatory drugs such as steroids, can help ease your neck pain while you heal. Depending on the extent of your neck pain and the type of cervical disc disease, you can either take these medications alone or use them together with physical therapy or other treatments.

Drugs typically used to treat cervical disc disease include:

Acetaminophen (Tylenol). Acetaminophen is usually among first-line drug treatments for pain. It can help with neck pain, but don't fall under the common misperception that acetaminophen is completely harmless just because it's readily available over-the-counter. Research shows that regular acetaminophen use can damage the liver, even in people who take the drug at the recommended dose. To make sure you're using acetaminophen as safely as possible, follow the directions carefully and don't take any more than the label suggests and your doctor recommends.

Avoid using alcohol while taking acetaminophen to minimize the risks to your liver. Also, acetaminophen could be an ingredient in some other over-the-counter medications you may be taking. Look at all drug labels to be sure you're not taking too much acetaminophen.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) and naproxen (Aleve) are staples in the treatment of cervical disc disease because they reduce both pain and inflammation. Like acetaminophen, many NSAIDs are available over-the-counter, but they also need to be taken carefully. NSAIDs can have some serious side effects, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, ulcers, and liver and kidney damage, especially when used for long periods of time. NSAIDs have also been linked to an increased risk of heart attack or stroke.

Cox-2 inhibitors such as Celebrex are a newer generation of NSAIDs that are available by prescription and may have fewer digestive side effects.

It's important to read the labels carefully and never exceed the doctor's recommended dose. You'll also want to avoid taking NSAIDs together with certain other medications because of the possibility of drug interactions. Talk to your doctor about all the drugs you take. Be especially cautious about taking NSAIDS if you are over 65, and/or you have kidney or liver problems.

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