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Sickle Cell Disease: Preventing Problems and Staying Healthy - Topic Overview

Home treatment for sickle cell disease includes steps you can take not only to control pain symptoms but also to prevent some of the complications caused by the disease. These complications include painful sickle cell crises.

Have a pain management plan

If you and your doctor have developed a pain management plan for home treatment of symptoms, be sure to follow your plan.

For more information, see Sickle Cell Disease: Pain Management.

Prevent severe childhood infection

Give your child with sickle cell disease regular doses of a prescribed antibiotic until age 5.

Get your child immunized on schedule. For more information, see the topic Immunizations.

Avoid contact with anyone suspected of having fifth disease, which is caused by parvovirus. A serious condition called aplastic anemia can develop.

Prevent adult infection

Check your immunization schedule and keep your immunizations up to date..

Prevent vision problems

Get routine eye exams as a child and as an adult. Early detection can help prevent vision problems.

For more information, see Sickle Cell Disease: Vision Problems.

Prevent dehydration

Drink water and other fluids. Drink enough so that your urine is light yellow or clear like water. Drink extra fluids before, during, and after exertion and when in the heat. Drink plenty of fluid if you have a fever or infection. Children should keep a water bottle with them during school, play, and outings.

Limit alcohol. Alcohol use can lead to dehydration.

Exercise with care

If you exercise strenuously, rest when you feel tired and drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. Dehydration and reduced oxygen levels in a person's blood resulting from strenuous exercise may cause red blood cells to sickle.

Children with sickle cell disease can usually exercise and play normally if they:

  • Drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after exercise. Dehydration can cause cells to sickle.
  • Get regular rest breaks during vigorous exercise.
  • Stay warm. Exposure to cold air, wind, and water can trigger a sickle cell crisis. Dress children in warm layers of clothing for cold-weather activities. Avoid swimming and playing in cold water.
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