Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a condition in which a person
feels pain and discomfort in the muscles and joints that connect the lower
jawbone (mandible) to the skull. These flexible muscles and joints are felt
right in front of the ears and are needed to talk, chew, swallow, and
Also, pain and tension in the muscles around the TM joint can
cause tension in surrounding muscles, so muscles of the face, head, neck, and
shoulders may be involved. Symptoms can include muscle pain in any area shown
in the picture above, or headaches due to muscle tension.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerAdam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerArden Christen, DDS, MSD, MA, FACD - Dentistry
Current as ofNovember 14, 2014
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
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