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    1. Cleaning Your Young Son's Natural (Uncircumcised) Penis - Topic Overview

      Using a breast pump is a good way to provide the benefits of breast-feeding when you have to be away from your baby. Pumping will help keep up your milk supply and prevent discomfort and breast engorgement. You can also use a breast pump to slowly reduce your milk supply if you have to stop breast-feeding suddenly.There are different types of breast pumps to choose from. They may look confusing at first, but they are easy to use. If you have any problems with pumping, ask for help. A lactation consultant or other breast-feeding expert can help you learn how to use a breast pump. Getting ready to pumpRead all the instructions that came with your pump. Be sure you know how to put it together and how often you will need to clean and sanitize the parts.Choose a good place to pump. Find a spot that's clean, comfortable, and private so you can relax. If you're pumping at work, you may feel more at ease in a room that has a door you can lock.Using a breast pumpWash your hands before you

    2. Cleaning Your Young Son's Natural (Uncircumcised) Penis - Topic Overview

      BottlesSmall, 4 fl oz (120 mL) bottles are a good size for newborns. As your baby starts to take more formula during a feeding, you will likely want to have bigger 8 fl oz (240 mL) bottles on hand.Bottles are made of glass or plastic.Glass bottles can be cleaned by boiling them. Plastic cannot be cleaned this way.Wide-mouth bottles are easier to clean.Some plastic bottles are made for single-use plastic liners. Some people find these bottles clean, easy to use, and convenient.NipplesNipples have been designed to imitate a mother's nipple. The human nipple is short and flexible, which makes it easy for a baby to grasp and suckle. But some babies have difficulty with some bottle nipples that are too short.General guidelines for buying bottle nipples:Buy more nipples than bottles. With repeated use, nipples tend to crack and leak.Choose nipples that are made of silicone or rubber. Silicone nipples cost more but are more flexible than rubber nipples. Silicone nipples are not damaged by

    3. Cleaning Your Young Son's Natural (Uncircumcised) Penis - Topic Overview

      Many of the tips for weaning babies from bottle-feeding can be used for toddlers (ages 1 to 2). Here are some suggestions unique to toddlers: Do not allow a toddler to carry the bottle around. Explain to your toddler that he or she can have milk only at mealtimes and snack times and in specific locations,such as in the kitchen. This makes drinking from the bottle less convenient and may also ...

    4. Breast-Feeding - Topic Overview

      Infant formulas take two times longer for a baby to digest than breast milk. The slower digestion of infant formula can affect:Feeding frequency. Babies who take infant formula usually want to feed less often than babies who are breast-feeding.Sleeping patterns. Babies who take infant formula may sleep longer at night once they are about 2 months old. But babies who are breast-fed usually catch up shortly after, at about 3 to 5 months of age.Bowel movements. Infant formula causes formed, brown stools that have a noticeable odor. Breast milk causes loose, yellow stools that have less odor.Breast milk, unlike formula, has antibodies. Breast-feeding may lower your child's risk for many types of infections and allergies. Breast milk may also help protect your child from some health problems, such as eczema, asthma, and diabetes. For more information, see the topic Breast-Feeding.

    5. Hydrocele - Topic Overview

      What is a hydrocele?A hydrocele is a painless buildup of watery fluid around one or both testicles that causes the scrotum or groin area to swell. Although this swelling may be unsightly and uncomfortable, it usually is not painful and generally is not dangerous. Although hydroceles are common in newborns, they can also occur at any age in later life.What causes a hydrocele?The cause of most ...

    6. Antibiotics for Mastitis While Breast-Feeding

      Drug details for Antibiotics for mastitis while breast-feeding.

    7. Cleaning Your Young Son's Natural (Uncircumcised) Penis - Topic Overview

      Cup-feeding is a way to provide breast milk or formula to a baby who is unwilling or unable to breast-feed or drink from a bottle. If a mother wants to breast-feed,cup-feeding is also sometimes used as an alternative to bottle-feeding for a baby who needs supplementation for a few days. To cup-feed your baby,fill a medicine cup to about 1 fl oz (29.6 mL) with breast milk or formula. Make ...

    8. Infant Formulas - Topic Overview

      What are infant formulas and what's in them?Infant formula is a nutritional product that is made from processed cow's milk or soybean products. Special processing makes cow's-milk formula more digestible and less likely to cause an allergic reaction than regular cow's milk.Vitamins and minerals are added to infant formula. Formula can be used to provide all of a baby's nutritional needs before the age of 4 to 6 months.Commercial formulas are made to be as similar to breast milk as possible. The safety and nutrient content of infant formula is regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). About half the calories in formula come from vegetable oils or a mixture of vegetable and animal fats. A baby's body requires fat for the production and growth of new cells and for high energy needs. Milk sugar (lactose) is the main source of carbohydrate in most cow's-milk formula, just as in breast milk.What types of formulas are there?Several types of infant formulas are available.

    9. Infant Formulas - Promoting Healthy Growth and Development

      The weaning processThe American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that babies be breast - fed for at least a year and as long after as mother and child desire.1Weaning from breast - or bottle - feeding can be done gradually or abruptly. If you are not breast - feeding and your baby is younger than 12 months of age, use iron - fortified formula. Do not offer your baby cow's milk.1 The iron in cow's

    10. Cleaning Your Young Son's Natural (Uncircumcised) Penis - Topic Overview

      You may choose to wait until your child is a toddler (age 1 to 2 years) or older to wean him or her from the breast. You may feel that your toddler is not ready for weaning until later or that you both are not ready. You may want to initiate it or just let your child stop breast-feeding on his or her own (self-wean). One way to let a toddler control his or her own weaning is through the "don't ...

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