Language Development in Newborns - Topic Overview
Speech and language lessons start in the uterus,where your unborn baby hears and responds to familiar voices. Indeed,soon after birth,your baby prefers and responds more to the mother's voice than to any other. Also,your newborn can recognize whether sounds are part of his or her native language. Your newborn continues to learn language by listening to the basic and distinct sounds ...
Necrotizing Enterocolitis - Topic Overview
What is necrotizing enterocolitis? Necrotizing enterocolitis is infection and inflammation of the intestine. It is most common in babies who are born early (premature). Many newborns who have it go on to live healthy lives. But if the infection becomes severe,it can cause severe damage to the intestine,which can be deadly. Some children may have ongoing problems with digestion,growth,or ...
Premature Infant - Taking Care of Yourselves
If your premature infant is moved to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), expect that you will become overwhelmed with new emotions and information. Don't be surprised if you and your partner handle this crisis differently, which may or may not create a strain on your relationship. Both of you, in different ways, may feel: Fearful and helpless.Grief. Separation from your infant at birth is a .
Teething - Home Treatment
Controlling symptoms safelyYou can help your baby be more comfortable while teething by:Using mild pain relief medication that is labeled for your child's specific age. Acetaminophen (for example, Tylenol) and ibuprofen (for example, Advil) may help relieve your baby's discomfort. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 20 because it has been associated with Reye's syndrome. Rubbing the ...
Circumcision: Plastibell Device - Topic Overview
The Plastibell is a plastic device slipped between the penis and the foreskin to circumcise a male. A cut in the foreskin usually is required before the device can be placed. Sterile string is tied around the device and over the foreskin to cut off the blood supply. Foreskin tissue is trimmed off and the end of the bell is removed, leaving the ring tied in place.Tissue remaining under the ring dies and is sloughed off. The ring should fall off by itself about 10 to 12 days after the circumcision.AdvantagesMany doctors are familiar and comfortable with its use.Different-sized bells allow a custom fit for each infant.The device produces good cosmetic results.DisadvantagesThe device is more likely than the Mogen clamp to cause excessive bleeding.Infection is more likely after this procedure than after the other procedures for circumcision.There is a delay in the removal of foreskin tissue.
Premature Infant: Treating Underdeveloped Lungs - Topic Overview
Particularly when an infant is born before 36 weeks' gestation, the premature infant's lungs are immature, and the body has limited muscle strength and energy for breathing. So the premature infant may not get enough oxygen. This can cause serious medical complications. It is common at birth for a premature infant to need oxygen therapy, a ventilator, and/or medicine to help with oxygen absorption and breathing.Infants whose lungs have been quickly matured with corticosteroid treatment before birth (antenatal corticosteroids, given by injection to the mother) have a lot fewer medical complications than those who are not treated. Infants with underdeveloped lungs often lack surfactant, a substance that coats the airways, preventing them from collapsing and sticking together. When premature lungs are treated with surfactant after birth, the infant's blood oxygen levels usually improve within minutes. Surfactant treatment reduces the risk and the severity of respiratory distress syndrome
Emotional and Social Growth in Newborns - Topic Overview
Your newborn immediately starts to communicate with you. Newborns need and,in their own way,ask for social interaction with others. They communicate by moving their arms and legs and directing their gaze toward a familiar voice. Their eyes and face brighten as they track parents' movements and scan their faces. When they break their gaze,it signals the need for a rest from the interaction. ...
Teething - Routine Checkups
All children need early and regular dental care. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that a health professional, such as a pediatrician, perform a risk assessment for dental health problems by the time your child is 6 months of age.1 If he or she is considered to be at high risk, a visit to a dentist is recommended at 6 months of age or no later than 6 months after the first tooth
Cradle Cap - Topic Overview
What is cradle cap?Cradle cap is an oily, yellow scaling or crusting on a baby's scalp. It is common in babies and is easily treated. Cradle cap is not a part of any illness and does not imply that a baby is not being well cared for. See an illustration of cradle cap.What causes cradle cap?Cradle cap is the normal buildup of sticky skin oils, scales, and sloughed skin cells. How is it ...
Health and Safety, Birth to 2 Years - Safety Measures Around the Home
From birth to age 2, children depend on parents and caregivers for their safety. Safety issues change and increase rapidly in number as newborns grow into toddlers. It is important to consider your child's physical and mental development when evaluating current and future hazards. Although close supervision is important, it is not realistic to think that you can watch your child's every move. In .