Health and Safety, Birth to 2 Years - Safety Measures Around the Home
From birth to age 2, children depend on parents and caregivers for their safety. Safety issues change and increase rapidly in number as newborns grow into toddlers. It is important to consider your child's physical and mental development when evaluating current and future hazards. Although close supervision is important, it is not realistic to think that you can watch your child's every move. In .
Health and Safety, Birth to 2 Years - Parent Self-Care
Gaining confidence Many parents wonder whether they are equipped to handle the responsibility of keeping their child safe. You will likely feel more confident if you are alert, taking all the precautions you can, and know how to respond to emergencies.Learn first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Classes usually are offered through your local hospital or fire department.Read and learn .
Premature Infant - The Premature Newborn
A premature infant's health at birth is influenced by numerous factors, including: Gestational age at birth.Weight at birth. Maternal illness and medical treatment during pregnancy, which can have an effect on the fetus.Congenital birth defects.Most infants born at 36 and 37 weeks' gestation are mature enough to be discharged from the hospital with the mother. Many premature infants, however, are
Colic - Topic Overview
What is colic?All babies cry, but sometimes a baby will cry for hours at a time, no matter what you do. This extreme type of crying in a baby between 3 weeks and 3 months of age is called colic. While it is upsetting for parents and caregivers, colic is normal for some babies. Doctors usually diagnose colic when a healthy baby cries harder than expected in a “3” pattern: more than 3 hours a da
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) - Topic Overview
What is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?Sometimes a baby who seems healthy dies during sleep. This is called sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS. SIDS is also known as crib death. In most cases, a parent or caregiver puts the baby down to sleep and returns later to find the baby has died. It’s no one’s fault. SIDS can happen even when you do everything right. Although SIDS is rare, it is
Circumcision - Topic Overview
What is circumcision?Male circumcision is an elective surgery to remove the foreskin (prepuce), a fold of skin that covers and protects the rounded tip of the penis (glans). This surgery is most commonly done on newborns about 24 hours old. See an illustration of the penis before and after circumcision.If a baby is born early (premature) or has certain medical conditions, he may be circumcised ...
Colic - What to Expect
Similarities and differences between normal crying and colicBecause infants cry more in their first 3 months than at any other time in their lives, it is often difficult to tell the difference between colic and expected crying behavior. Both types of crying gradually increase, peaking at about 6 to 8 weeks of age. Most crying episodes occur in the late afternoon and evening hours, although the ...
Toilet Training - What Is Normal
Many parents become confused about when to begin toilet training. Generally, a child must be both physically and emotionally ready before toilet training can be successful. Physical readinessChildren are physically capable of being toilet trained when they develop muscular control over their bowel and bladder. This rarely happens before 18 months of age. Some basic signs that your child has bowel
Colic - When to Call a Doctor
Callor other emergency services immediately if:You are afraid that you are about to harm your baby and you cannot find someone to help you.Your baby has been shaken, has a change in his or her level of consciousness, or has signs of severe difficulty breathing.Call your health professional immediately if your baby:Cries in a peculiar manner or for a very unusual length of time.Has not been ...
Circumcision - What to Expect After Surgery
After the circumcision, the groin, penis, and scrotum may appear reddish brown because of the solution used to clean the skin before surgery. The shaft of the penis where the skin was removed will look raw and slightly swollen. This tender appearance should gradually disappear in the next few days.Your baby will be observed for 2 to 4 hours after the procedure. Health professionals will check his