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Health & Parenting

Medical Reference Related to Health & Parenting

  1. Feeding Schedule for Babies - Topic Overview

    Feed your baby whenever he or she seems hungry (on-demand).During the first few days or weeks, breast-feedings tend to occur every 1 to 3 hours around the clock. And formula-feedings tend to occur every 3 to 4 hours around the clock. You may have to wake your sleepy newborn to feed in the first few days after birth. A baby will usually wake up during the night for feedings for about the first 6 months. After that, babies may wait as long as 8 hours between feedings. Babies typically eat more just before and during a growth spurt.A baby is getting enough to eat if he or she: Wets at least 6 to 8 diapers a day. Gains 4 oz (0.1 kg) or more each week.Babies give cues during feeding that show how hungry they are. A hungry baby will latch on to the breast or bottle and suck continuously. A baby who is getting full during a feeding will take longer pauses between sucking. A full baby will turn away from the breast or bottle and not want to suck.Your baby may be eating too much if he or she

  2. Bullying - How Children Can Discourage Bullying

    Children can take steps to discourage bullying. A basic strategy is to hang out with friendly kids at school and to stay away from those who seem not to like them. Bullying is also less likely to occur when children are in groups and are in areas supervised by adults. For example, children who wish to avoid being bullied can:Play or take breaks near adults while at school.Walk to school with ...

  3. Child Abuse and Neglect - Prevention

    You can help prevent child abuse and neglect by using techniques to help you manage the responsibilities and stress related to parenting and daily life. Regardless of whether you are a parent, you can help children by showing concern for their well - being, volunteering when you are able, and being a general advocate for them. If you are a parent or caregiver of children:Learn and use effective ..

  4. Language Development, Ages 1 to 12 Months - Topic Overview

    Babies begin developing language at birth. By 12 months,they may have mastered a few words and usually understand far more. Speech development is extremely variable,but language skills develop in many subtle ways. At 1 month of age,infants turn to a soft voice,especially a parent's voice. Around 3 to 6 weeks of age,babies use different cries to communicate,such as a shrill cry for pain ...

  5. Healthy Eating for Children - Changing Your Family's Eating Habits

    Healthy eating means eating a variety of foods from all food groups. It means choosing fewer foods that have lots of fats and sugar. However, it does not mean that your child cannot eat desserts or other treats now and then. With a little planning, you can create a structure that gives your child (and you) the freedom to make healthy eating choices. Think of this as planning not just for the kids

  6. Bullying - The Role of Schools in Bullying

    Schools play a critical role in stopping bullying because most aggression happens on school grounds during recess, in lunch rooms, or in bathrooms. Schools should develop zero - tolerance programs that make it clear that bullying won't be tolerated.School - based programs can help reduce bullying by:Increasing awareness of bullying through school assemblies and classroom discussion of the problem.

  7. Mastitis While Breast-Feeding - Treatment Overview

    Mastitis will not go away without treatment. If you develop mastitis symptoms, call your health professional today.

  8. Child Abuse and Neglect - When to Seek Help

    Callor other emergency services immediately if you witness child abuse, believe a child is in immediate danger, or see that a child: Is not breathing. The operator can guide you through cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) until help arrives.Is having moderate to severe difficulty breathing.Is bleeding heavily.Has an altered level of consciousness.Is in shock.Exhibits symptoms of a head injury ...

  9. Overfeeding a Baby - Topic Overview

    Overfeeding a baby often causes the baby discomfort because he or she can't digest all of the breast milk or formula properly. When fed too much, a baby may also swallow air, which can produce gas, increase discomfort in the belly, and lead to crying. An overfed baby also may spit up more than usual and have loose stools. Although crying from discomfort is not colic, it can make crying more frequent and more intense in an already colicky baby.Babies give cues during feeding that indicate how hungry they are. Pay attention to these cues to help determine when your baby has had enough to eat.A baby who is hungry will latch on to the breast or bottle and suck continuously.A baby who is getting full during a feeding will take longer pauses between sucking.A baby who is full will turn away from the breast or bottle and not want to suck.The amount of food each baby needs varies. Young babies usually do not take more breast milk or formula than they need. In general, your baby should seem

  10. Bullying - How Adults Can Help Stop Bullying

    As with many issues related to growing up, openly talking about bullying before it happens is most helpful for children. Teach your child how to recognize and react to bullying, regardless of who is the victim. Also, talk about and model empathy, which is being sensitive to and understanding how other people feel. This can help prevent your child from becoming involved in bullying others. ...

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