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Day Care Workers Prescribing Too Many Trips to the Doctor

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Although the organization of child care facilities is different in the U.S., the study in Canada points to two problems faced by parents whose children are in centers during the day: children are being forced to stay home from the center when they may not need to, and they're receiving advice on health from those unqualified to give it. These problems are further complicated in the U.S. by differences in day care center regulations from state to state and from different child care center chains.

"The consensus of people who develop child care standards is that it isn't the job of child care workers to make medical recommendations. This is up to the parents and their doctors," Ruth Neil, PhD, tells WebMD. Neil is the project coordinator for the National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Childcare (NRCHS). The government-funded NRCHS develops health and safety standards for child care providers in collaboration with the American Public Health Association and the American Association of Pediatrics.

Angela Crowley, PhD, says, "There is a need for additional training of child care workers in this area. The standards provided by NRCHS are a useful framework to base this on." Crowley, an expert on child care health and safety issues, commented on the study for WebMD. She is an associate professor of nursing at Yale University.

"The study design was strong," says Crowley. Although this study was conducted in Canada, Crowley says the results are representative of the U.S., where her staff has also conducted day care studies. "We found similar findings in South Carolina in child care staff and parents. The [child care staff] tended to overexclude [children]. There is a lot of confusion about when to appropriately exclude children.

"Another important thing raised by the study was that if children are not feeling well enough to participate, this must be provided for," Crowley says, in response to the finding that most of the staff reported sending diapered children home if they had an infection.

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) reports that six out of 10 -- nearly 13 million -- infants, toddlers, and preschool children are enrolled in day care. According to the NCES, nearly 88% of children whose mothers work full-time and 75% of children whose mothers work part-time are enrolled in day care.

For a listing of each state's child care licensing regulations, visit the web site of the National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care at http://nrc.uchsc.edu or call (800) 598-KIDS.

Vital Information:

  • A Canadian study shows that child care workers often pressure parents to get antibiotic prescriptions for upper respiratory tract infections, not knowing that the treatment will be ineffective.
  • Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections, do not prevent the spread of infection, and do not speed recovery, and the overuse of these medications leads to drug-resistant bacteria.
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