If Breast Is Best, Why Do Many New Mothers Give Up?
June 24, 2000 -- It's 4 in the afternoon, and her baby boy wants to nurse --
again. "You find out after they're born: You can't go anywhere. When he
needs to eat, he needs to eat," says Robin, a New York mom who has been at
home with her newborn for two weeks now.
Like many women, Robin felt pressured to at least try breast-feeding.
"My husband was very adamant," she tells WebMD. But she worries: She's
had difficulty getting the baby started nursing. And she has no idea whether he
is getting enough milk.
"My husband and I never realized how difficult this would be," she
says. "If you want to measure how much they're eating, you can't do that
with the breast. You don't have an ounce meter on your nipple."
New mothers often hear that "breast is best." In fact, the American
Academy of Pediatricians (AAP) recommends that mothers breast-feed for at least
12 months. In a policy statement, the AAP says breast-feeding is "primary
in achieving optimal infant and child health, growth, and development."
But ask mothers and you'll find that breast-feeding is not as easy as it
looks. "For some women, it's not a nice experience at all,"
pediatrician James Sargant, MD, tells WebMD. "I can say from my own
experience that some mothers feel relief when I talk to them ... [and] make
them feel OK about quitting." Sargant is an associate professor of
pediatrics at Dartmouth Medical School in Lebanon, N.H.
A recent study involving 350 mothers in New Zealand showed that most new
mothers stop breast-feeding when the baby is about 7 months old. In that study,
only 30% of the mothers continued to breast-feed for a year.
"The most common reason for stopping, especially in the early months,
was a belief that milk production was inadequate," writes A. Vogel, the
study's author. "Later, many mothers simply felt that they had breast-fed
their infants long enough." Vogel is with the department of pediatrics at
the University of Auckland in New Zealand.
Other factors affecting a woman's decision to quit breast-feeding,
pediatricians say, are problems with nipples as well as mastitis, an
inflammation of the mammary glands. Also, giving babies pacifiers and formula
in the early days seems to deter long-term breast-feeding.
The pressure of returning to work also is an issue, Vogel says: In the
study, "younger women [under 25] and those returning to work full time in
the first year were relatively likely to stop, as were those who originally
planned to stop by age 6 months."
Doctors agree that any amount of breast-feeding -- even during just the
first few weeks -- offers the baby a host of health and developmental benefits.
To help new mothers get past the barriers to long-term nursing, WebMD turned to
a lactation consultant and a pediatrician for advice.