Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Health & Parenting

Font Size

Parenting a Child With Down Syndrome

Who is at Risk for Having a Child With Down Syndrome?

These are the most common factors that increase your risk for having a child with Down syndrome:

  • Maternal age. Women who become pregnant later in life are at higher risk than younger woman for having a child with Down syndrome. In fact, the chances of having a child with Down syndrome increases from 1 in 1,250 for a 25-year-old woman, to 1 in 100 for a woman age 40. Although a woman of any age can have a child with Down syndrome, women older than 35 are considered to be at higher risk.
  • Previous child with Down syndrome. If you have already had a child with Down syndrome, you are at increased risk of having another.
  • Medical history. If you or your partner has a history of chromosomal abnormalities, you are also at increased risk.

All pregnant women of any age should be given the choice to have antenatal screening for Down syndrome. If the risk of the baby having an abnormality is calculated to be more than 1 in 250, a diagnostic test will be offered.

Diagnostic tests for Down syndrome and certain other birth abnormalities include chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and amniocentesis. These tests are 98 to 99 percent accurate in detecting a child with Down syndrome in a pregnant woman.

Early Intervention and Education for a Child With Down Syndrome

Early intervention programs that integrate special education and speech and physical therapy has been shown to boost the developmental potential of children with Down syndrome.

Most children with Down syndrome start at mainstream schools, but some parents will choose special schools or schools that have programs tailored for their child. As a parent of a child with Down syndrome, you can be proactive to ensure that your child gets the support and education he needs and to which he is legally entitled.

Although the skills and abilities of people with Down syndrome vary greatly, many grow up to live independently or in supportive group environments, and to hold down jobs.

Today on WebMD

Girl holding up card with BMI written
Is your child at a healthy weight?
toddler climbing
What happens in your child’s second year.
father and son with laundry basket
Get your kids to help around the house.
boy frowning at brocolli
Tips for dealing with mealtime mayhem
mother and daughter talking
child brushing his teeth
Sipping hot tea
Young woman holding lip at dentists office
Which Vaccines Do Adults Need
rl with friends
tissue box
Child with adhd