The type and severity of symptoms experienced
by a person with
Parkinson's disease vary with each individual and the
stage of Parkinson's disease. Symptoms that develop in
the early stages of the disease in one person may not develop until later-or
not at all-in another person.
Symptoms of Parkinson's disease typically begin
appearing between the ages 50 and 60. They develop slowly and often go
unnoticed by family, friends, and even the person who has them.
small number of people have symptoms on only one side of the body that never
progress to the other side.
Guided imagery is a relaxation technique that uses positive mental images to influence how you feel. It can enhance your traditional Parkinson's treatment. But it does not replace traditional treatment.
Guided imagery is an ancient practice that includes simple visualization. It is a safe and simple technique. Almost anyone can do it.
Guided imagery focuses on images. But this type of imagery helps you harness all your senses -- sight, taste, sound, smell, and sensation. This helps you connect...
Tremor, or shaking, often in a hand,
arm, or leg. Tremor caused by Parkinson's disease occurs when the person is
awake and sitting or standing still (resting tremor) and subsides when the
person moves the affected body part.
Stiff muscles (rigidity) and aching muscles. One of the most
common early signs of Parkinson's disease is a reduced arm swing on one side
when the person is walking that is caused by rigid muscles. Rigidity can also
affect the muscles of the legs, face, neck, or other parts of the body and may
cause muscles to feel tired and achy.
Slow, limited movement
(bradykinesia), especially when the person tries to move from a resting
position. For instance, it may be difficult to get out of a chair or turn over
Weakness of face and throat muscles. Talking and
swallowing may become more difficult, and the person may choke, cough, or
drool. Speech becomes softer and monotonous. Loss of movement in the muscles in
the face can cause a fixed, vacant facial expression, often called the
Difficulty with walking (gait disturbance) and
balance (postural instability). A person with Parkinson's disease is likely to
take small steps and shuffle with his or her feet close together, bend forward
slightly at the waist (stooped posture), and have trouble turning around.
Balance and posture problems may result in frequent falls. But these
problems usually do not develop until later in the course of the
Tremor is often the first symptom that people with
Parkinson's disease or their family members notice. Initially, the tremor may
appear in just one arm or leg or only on one side of the body. The tremor also
may affect the chin, lips, and tongue. As the disease progresses, the tremor
may spread to both sides of the body. But in some cases the tremor remains
on just one side.
Emotional and physical stress tend to make the
tremor more noticeable. Sleep, complete relaxation, and intentional movement or
action usually reduce or stop the tremor.
Although tremor is one
of the most common signs of Parkinson's disease, not everyone with tremor has
Parkinson's disease. Unlike tremor caused by Parkinson's disease, tremor caused
by other conditions gets better when your arm or hand is not moving and gets
worse when you try to move it. The most common cause of non-Parkinson's tremor
is essential tremor, a treatable condition that is often
wrongly diagnosed as Parkinson's disease.