Diagnosis & Tests
Several tests are used to diagnose prostate cancer. Learn about these tests,
what you can do after diagnosis, about the Gleason score, and more.
Two initial tests are commonly used to look for prostate cancer in the
absence of symptoms. Learn what those tests are and how well they work.
Discover which tests your doctor may perform to diagnose prostate cancer,
treatments available such as radiation therapy, surgery, hormone therapy, and
chemotherapy, as well as therapy used for advanced prostate cancer.
A digital rectal exam is an early, simple test to screen for prostate
cancer. It can catch the disease early, when it's most treatable. Learn who
should get one and what to expect.
When the results of this blood test are high, it may indicate cancer. Find
out how the test is done and what the results can mean.
After an abnormal digital rectal exam or a high PSA your doctor may suggest
a closer look. Find out what to expect from a prostate cancer biopsy or
ultrasound and how to prepare for them.
Cystoscopy, also called a cystourethroscopy or a bladder scope, measures the
health of the urethra and bladder. Used to diagnose disease or pain, find out
how this test works and what to expect.
A CAT scan uses X-rays to produce a cross-section image of the body, so a
doctor can check for swollen or enlarged lymph nodes. When is a CAT scan
necessary? Find out.
MRIs use a large magnet, radio waves, and a computer to examine the prostate
and nearby lymph nodes, distinguishing between noncancerous and cancerous
areas. Find out more.