Many kinds of cancer have staging systems that help doctors decide
what treatments to choose. The stages of cancer are based on where and how far
it has grown. The most common staging system for
prostate cancer is the TNM system, which labels the
cancer in three categories: the size of the tumor (T), the spread of the cancer
to lymph nodes (N), and the spread of the cancer to other parts of the body (M,
Besides using the TNM labels, your doctor also will give your cancer
a Gleason score. A Gleason score is a way to describe differences in prostate
cancer cells. Prostate cancer cells that have a low Gleason score grow more
slowly than cells that have a higher score.
If you've been diagnosed recently with prostate cancer, you might find the latest treatment options somewhat confusing. Each has its benefits and risks. And no single treatment is right for every man with prostate cancer. In this article, WebMD examines the various treatment options and their side effects. We'll consider the options in terms of:
The grade and stage (severity) of cancer
Other important factors
Ultimately, you'll need to decide for...