Skip to content

    Eczema Health Center

    Font Size

    Types of Eczema

    Eczema is a common problem that causes the skin to become inflamed. People often also call it dermatitis.atopic dermatitus

    Eczema comes in many forms. But the different types of eczema tend to cause these symptoms:

    • Itching . The itching can be intense. The damage to the skin during eczema is often due to scratching.
    • Scaling. The surface of the skin can flake off, giving the skin a rough, scaly appearance.
    • Redness. The affected skin may bleed and appear blotchy.
    • Fluid-filled blisters. These can ooze and form crusts.
    • Cracking. Severely affected skin may develop painful, deep cracks, also called fissures.

    Depending on the cause, eczema may flare up and cause severe symptoms. But it can also become a chronic problem with less intense symptoms.

    Here's a look at the types of eczema and their treatments.

    Atopic Dermatitis

    Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. It often affects people who also have:

    Atopic dermatitis usually begins during infancy or childhood. But it can strike people at any age.

    Most often, it affects skin on the:

    • Face
    • Hands
    • Feet
    • Inner elbows
    • Back of the knees

    Over time, scratching the skin can cause it to become thick and red. Scratching can also create wounds that become infected. Irritants that can make symptoms of atopic dermatitis worse include:

    • Soap
    • Rough clothing
    • Household chemicals

    Foods, dust mites, and other allergy triggers can also make symptoms worse.

    Treatments for atopic dermatitis include:

    • Products to lubricate and moisturize the skin
    • Steroid creams and ointments
    • Drugs that control the immune system
    • Antibiotics to treat infections
    • Ultraviolet light, alone or with a drug called psoralen

    Contact Dermatitis

    There are two types of contact dermatitis:

    • Irritant contact dermatitis
    • Allergic contact dermatitis

    These types of eczema can develop after a substance damages the skin. These include chemicals and frequent hand washing.

    Irritant contact dermatitis can develop after touching a strong irritant one time or by coming into contact with the irritating substance repeatedly.

    1 | 2 | 3
    Next Article:

    Today on WebMD

    woman meditating
    Learn how to deal with a key trigger: stress.
    Getting your eczema under control?
    man with eczema
    Does it affect your eczema?
    makeup brushes and foundation
    And be educated when shopping for cosmetics.
    Antipsychotic Drugs Blood Clots
    Eczema Emotional Effects
    young woman touching skin
    Eczema on arm

    Itching for Relief?

    Get Help With the

    Loading ...

    Sending your email...

    This feature is temporarily unavailable. Please try again later.


    Now check your email account on your mobile phone to download your new app.