Measures will be taken to stabilize your vital signs,
including giving you medicines.
- If your stroke is diagnosed soon enough after
the start of symptoms, you may be given a clot-dissolving medicine called
tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), which can
increase your chances of recovery.
- You may also receive
another antiplatelet medicine.
- In some cases, the clot causing the symptoms is removed with a medical device (rather than dissolved with medicine).
Treatment includes efforts
to control bleeding, reduce pressure in the brain, and stabilize vital signs,
especially blood pressure.
- You will be
closely monitored for signs of increased pressure on the brain. These signs include
restlessness, confusion, trouble following commands, and headache. Other
measures will be taken to keep you from straining from excessive coughing,
vomiting, or lifting, or straining to pass stool or change
- If the bleeding is due to a ruptured
brain aneurysm, surgery to repair the aneurysm may be
done. For more information, see Surgery.
- In some cases, medicines may be given to control blood
pressure, brain swelling, blood sugar levels, fever, and seizures.
- If a large amount of bleeding
has occurred and symptoms are quickly getting worse, you may need surgery to
remove the blood that has built up inside the brain and to lower pressure
inside the head.
Preventing another stroke
Your treatment will also focus on
stroke. This may include:
high blood pressure, the most common risk factor for
stroke, by making changes to your diet and taking medicines that lower blood pressure.
- Taking aspirin or another antiplatelet medicine to
prevent strokes. For more information, see Medications.
diabetes. Your doctor will advise you to try to keep
your blood sugar levels in a target range. To do this, you may
need to take oral medicines or insulin. A healthy diet and plenty of exercise will also help.
- Getting a flu shot every year to
help you avoid getting sick from the
You may also need to make lifestyle changes such
as quitting smoking, eating heart-healthy foods, and being more active. For more information, see Prevention.
carotid arteries are significantly blocked, you may
need a procedure to reopen the narrowed arteries. For more information, see Surgery and Other Treatment.