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Stroke Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Stroke

  1. Driving a Car After a Stroke - Topic Overview

    You cannot drive after having a stroke until your doctor says that you can. This may be hard to accept. You may feel that this is a big loss of independence. But any problems with your vision, speech, or ability to move quickly after a stroke can change your ability to drive safely. You need your doctor's approval for the safety of yourself and others.After your doctor says that you can drive, talk to the motor vehicle department and ask about the rules for people who have had a stroke. You may need to take classes, be tested again, and have changes made to your car. Some stroke rehab centers give driver training classes.If you cannot drive because of problems from your stroke, check with your stroke rehab center about programs that offer special vans that can take you to and from places. Senior groups and volunteer agencies may also offer transportation services.

  2. Stroke: Perception Changes - Topic Overview

    When a stroke occurs on the right side of the brain,a person's ability to judge distance,size,position,rate of movement,form,and the way parts relate to the whole is affected (spatial-perceptual problems). People with these problems may have more trouble learning to care for themselves. Signs of perception problems are often noticed by the caregiver of a person who has had a stroke. ...

  3. Stroke Symptoms - Topic Overview

    If you have symptoms of a stroke,seek emergency medical care. Symptoms may include: Sudden numbness,tingling,weakness,or paralysis in your face,arm,or leg,especially on only one side of your body. Sudden vision changes. Sudden trouble speaking. Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements. Sudden problems with walking or balance. A sudden,severe headache that is ...

  4. Smoking and Stroke Risk - Topic Overview

    Smoking injures blood vessel walls and speeds up hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis). As a result, the heart works harder, and blood pressure may increase. Cigarette smoking increases your risk for transient ischemic attack (TIA) and stroke.Heavy smokers are at greater risk for TIA and stroke. Daily cigarette smoking can increase the risk of stroke by 2½ times.1The risk of stroke and TIA decreases for those who quit smoking. If you smoked less than one pack a day and you quit, within 5 years your risk will be the same as though you had never smoked.1

  5. Stroke: Preventing Injury in Affected Limbs - Topic Overview

    After a stroke, you may not feel temperature, touch, pain, or sharpness on your affected side. You may have:Feelings of heaviness, numbness, tingling, or prickling or greater sensitivity on the affected side.No sense of how your muscles and joints are operating together, which may affect your balance.If you cannot feel an object, you may be more likely to hurt yourself.If you have a tendency to clench your fist on the affected arm, keep your fingernails short and smooth so that you do not cut yourself.If you cannot feel sensations in your feet, cut and file your toenails straight across so that you do not scratch yourself.Soaking your hands and feet may make your nails easier to cut. If you have diabetes, talk with your doctor about the care of your feet.If you cannot feel heat on your affected side, you may be more prone to burns. Tips to prevent burns include the following:Test the temperature of bath water or dishwater using your unaffected side.Bathe and do dishes in lukewarm

  6. Stroke Rehabilitation - Preventing Another Stroke

    There are several factors you cannot change that increase your risk of stroke. But there are also several things that you have some control over which can help you avoid another stroke, including:High blood pressure.Heart disease.High cholesterol.Diabetes.Obesity.Excessive use of alcohol.Use of tobacco products.Too much caffeine.Use of certain illegal drugs, such as cocaine.To prevent another ...

  7. Stroke Rehabilitation - Medicines for Stroke Rehabilitation

    After a stroke, you may need medicines to decrease pain, treat depression, or help speed your recovery. These may include: Medicines for pain and depression after a stroke. Examples are: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for pain and depression.Tricyclic antidepressants for pain and depression.Anticonvulsant medicines for pain.Medicines for sleeping. After a stroke, you may have ...

  8. Stroke Risk and Carotid Endarterectomy - Topic Overview

    Please answer the following questions: Risk of stroke with or without carotid endarterectomy How much carotid stenosis do you have? Have you had symptoms (TIA or mild stroke)? 70% or more Yes No 60–69% Yes No 50–59% Yes No Less than 50% Yes No Don't know Yes No ...

  9. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) - When To Call a Doctor

    Call 911 or other emergency services immediately if you have possible signs of a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).

  10. Stroke: Changes in Emotions - Topic Overview

    Emotional reactions after a stroke may be different from normal emotional reactions.The reaction may have little or no obvious connection with what is happening around the person.Often reactions can be easily interrupted by diverting the person's attention.People who have had a stroke—usually in the front part of the brain or in the brain stem—can lose emotional control and may switch from crying to laughing for no apparent reason.Crying appears to be the most frequent problem. Crying can be a symptom of depression, which is a medical condition that requires treatment. Untreated depression can interfere with recovery. And it can have a significant impact on enjoyment of life. Medicine may be needed to help control emotional responses and treat depression. People who have had a stroke may act differently because they feel isolated and have vision problems. They may:Become irritable, confused, or restless.Sometimes have false beliefs (delusions).Have hallucinations.This is more

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