Stroke: Where Does Your State Rank?
Stroke Prevalence Rate Highest in Mississippi, Lowest in Connecticut
May 17, 2007 -- Mississippi leads the U.S. in stroke prevalence, and
Connecticut has the nation's lowest stroke prevalence rate, says the CDC.
The CDC announced that news today in its first state-by-state list of stroke
Data came from a 2005 health survey of more than 356,000 civilian adults
nationwide. The survey didn't include people living in nursing homes or other
In telephone interviews conducted for the survey, participants were asked,
"Has a doctor or other health professional ever told you that you had a
Overall, 2.6% of participants answered "yes" to that question. That
translates to more than 5.8 million U.S. stroke survivors, states the report,
published in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
The journal also includes a separate study showing that fewer than half of
U.S. stroke patients get to the hospital within two hours of the onset of
stroke symptoms. Swift treatment is essential for clot-busting stroke
Learn Stroke Symptoms
Before you read the state-by-state stroke prevalence list, take a moment to
review this list of stroke symptoms:
- Sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg
- Abrupt loss of vision, strength, coordination, sensation, speech, or the
ability to understand speech. These symptoms may become more marked over
- Sudden dimness of vision, especially in one eye
- Sudden loss of balance, possibly accompanied by vomiting, nausea, fever,
hiccups, or trouble with swallowing
- Sudden and severe headache with no other cause followed rapidly by loss of
- Brief loss of consciousness
- Unexplained dizziness or sudden falls
Call 911 or seek other emergency care immediately if you or someone you know
experiences possible symptoms of stroke. Don't wait to see if the symptoms
State Stroke Prevalence Rates
Here is the age-adjusted percentage of participants in each state or
territory who said they had been diagnosed as ever having a stroke.
The report shows "an approximately two-fold difference between states
with the highest and lowest prevalence estimates," says the CDC.
States or territories with the same prevalence rate are ranked together.
- Mississippi: 4.3%
- Oklahoma and Washington, D.C.: 3.4%
- Louisiana: 3.3%
- Alabama and Nevada: 3.2%
- Kentucky, Missouri, and Tennessee: 3.1%
- Arkansas, Illinois, Michigan, Texas, and West Virginia: 3%
- Georgia and South Carolina: 2.9%
- Florida, Hawaii, and North Carolina: 2.8%
- Virginia: 2.7%
- California, Iowa, New Hampshire, South Dakota, and Utah: 2.6%
- Alaska, Indiana, and Oregon: 2.5%
- Idaho, Maine, New York, and Washington: 2.4%
- Kansas and Ohio: 2.3%
- Nebraska, New Mexico, and Pennsylvania: 2.2%
- Arizona, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and
- Wisconsin, Wyoming, and Puerto Rico: 1.9%
- North Dakota: 1.8%
- Colorado and Minnesota: 1.7%
- Connecticut: 1.5%
The CDC didn't check participants' medical records to confirm their
self-reported stroke history.
The figures don't include stroke deaths. Stroke is the No. 3 cause of death
for U.S. adults.
The CDC predicts that in 2007, an estimated 700,000 people in the U.S. will
suffer a stroke and about 160,000 will die from stroke.
Stroke is also a leading cause of disability. About 15% to 30% of stroke
patients become permanently disabled, and one in five require
institutionalization during the first three months after a stroke, says the