will have some kind of urinary problem or injury in their lifetime.
Urinary tract problems and injuries can range from
minor to more serious. Sometimes, minor and serious problems can start with the
same symptoms. Many urinary problems and injuries are minor, and home treatment
is all that is needed to relieve your symptoms.
See pictures of the
female urinary system and
male urinary system .
Many things can affect urine color, including fluid balance, diet, medicines, and diseases. How dark or light the color is tells you how much water is in it. Vitamin B supplements can turn urine bright yellow. Some medicines, blackberries, beets, rhubarb, or blood in the urine can turn urine red-brown.
Some foods (such as asparagus), vitamins, and antibiotics (such as penicillin) can cause urine to have a different odor. A sweet, fruity odor may be caused by uncontrolled diabetes. A urinary tract infection (UTI) can cause a bad odor.
Common symptoms of a urinary problem
- Burning with urination (dysuria). This
is the most common symptom of a
urinary tract infection.
- Frequent urge to
urinate without being able to pass much urine (frequency).
- Pain in the flank, which is felt just below the rib cage and above the waist on one or both sides of the back.
need to urinate (urgency).
- Feeling like you can't completely empty
- Blood in the urine (hematuria). Your urine may look
red, brown, or pink. Blood in the urine may occur after intense exercise, such
as running or bicycling.
- Leaking urine (incontinence).
- Nausea and vomiting.
When you only have one symptom or if your symptoms are
vague, it can be harder to figure out what the problem is. If you are slightly
dehydrated, your urine will be more concentrated, and
urinating may cause discomfort. Drink more fluids—enough to keep your urine
light yellow or clear like water—to help decrease discomfort.
When you have a urinary
tract infection (UTI), you may have several urinary symptoms. UTIs are more
common in women than in men. This is because the
urethra is shorter in women and comes into contact
with bacteria from the skin, anus, and vagina. You can reduce your chance of
having a UTI by controlling
risk factors that can cause these infections.
commonly cause UTI symptoms include: