Chitosan is a type of fiber taken from the shells of crustaceans such as:
Why do people take chitosan?
Some people take chitosan to try to lose weight. The claim is that the supplement might reduce the amount of fat absorbed in your gastrointestinal tract. Chitosan is sold over-the-counter as a "fat blocker" or "fat trapper." But the FDA has warned about such claims. It says there is no reliable scientific evidence. A review of high-quality studies shows that overweight people who took chitosan did not lose significant weight.
Scientists have also looked at whether chitosan is helpful to lower cholesterol levels. In some recent well designed studies, chitosan was found to reduce total cholesterol as well as LDL "bad" cholesterol. But more research is needed to see if it is as safe or effective as current treatment options.
Early studies in people have hinted that varying forms of chitosan might also help:
More research is needed to study chitosan for these conditions.
Optimal doses of chitosan have not been set for any condition. Quality and active ingredients in supplements may vary widely. This makes it hard to set a standard dose.
Can you get chitosan naturally from foods?
Chitosan is not found naturally in foods. It is extracted from a substance in shells of crustaceans.
What are the risks of taking chitosan?
Chitosan supplements appear to be safe when taken for a short amount of time.
Side effects may include:
- Stomach upset
If you are allergic to shellfish, you should not take chitosan.
Chitosan may interfere with how blood thinners work in your body. If you take warfarin, talk to your doctor before taking this supplement.
Animal studies show that chitosan may cause a slight decrease in blood sugar. Talk to your doctor first if you are taking any medicines for diabetes.
Chitosan may also prevent your body from absorbing fat soluble vitamins such as vitamins A, D, E, and K. Magnesium may also not be absorbed.
Always tell your doctor about any supplements you are taking, including natural ones and those bought without a prescription. That way, your doctor can check on any potential side effects or interactions with any medications.
Supplements are not regulated by the FDA.