Most home urine tests to predict ovulation determine only
the presence of LH (called qualitative testing) and not the specific level or
quantity. Home urine test results are either "positive" (LH is present) or
"negative" (LH is not present).
Many conditions can change LH levels. Your doctor will
discuss any significant abnormal results with you in relation to your symptoms
and past health.
High luteinizing hormone values in a
woman may mean:
- Ovaries are
absent or have been removed.
- Ovaries are not functioning because of
polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or damage from
- Early puberty in young
High luteinizing hormone values in a man may mean:
- Testicles are absent or have been
- Testicles are not functioning because of surgery or damage
mumps, X-ray exposure, chemotherapy, cancer, or
- Klinefelter syndrome.
Low luteinizing hormone values in a man
or woman may mean:
What Affects the Test
Results of the luteinizing
hormone test may be affected by:
- The use of certain hormones, including those
containing estrogen or progesterone (such as birth control pills).
- The use of medicines, such as clomiphene, spironolactone,
naloxone, phenothiazine, and those given for seizures
- Diagnostic imaging procedures, such as a thyroid scan or
bone scan, that use a radioactive substance (tracer) and were performed within
7 days prior to LH testing.
What To Think About
- If you are taking a medicine that contains
testosterone, estrogen, or progesterone (such as birth control pills), ask your
doctor whether you should stop taking it for several days before having a
luteinizing hormone (LH) test.
- You can buy home ovulation kits at
a drugstore to help identify the most fertile days of a woman's menstrual
cycle. The kits test for LH in urine with a dipstick or test strip. Other home
ovulation tests that measure the amount of LH in urine and display the results
on a small computerized monitor also are available.
- Other tests for
ovulation include measuring basal body temperature, testing the progesterone
level after ovulation in the menstrual cycle, and noting changes in cervical
mucus. To learn more, see the topic
Pagana KD, Pagana TJ (2010). Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.
Other Works Consulted
Chernecky CC, Berger BJ (2008). Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures, 5th ed. St. Louis:
Fischbach FT, Dunning MB III, eds. (2009).
Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 8th ed.
Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology|
|Current as of||March 12, 2014|