Scarlet fever -- also called scarlatina -- is an infection that’s easily spread from person to person. It gets its name from the red, bumpy rash that typically covers the body. It starts out looking like a sunburn. Most often, the rash begins on the face and neck and then spreads to the rest of the body.
If your child has strep throat, there's a chance he will also develop scarlet fever. The same bacteria that causes scarlet fever causes strep throat. It's called "group A strep."
Anyone can get scarlet fever, but it's most common in kids from 5 to 15 years old. The infection is often passed between classmates at school or family members who are in close contact with each other. It's most often spread by contact with the droplets emitted when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can even be spread if you touch something -- like a plate or glass – on which these droplets have landed.