Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Tests

Reviewed by Neha Pathak, MD on March 19, 2021

Who Gets the Test?

All women should get tested for STDs when they're pregnant, even if you think you've never had an STD. Some STDs don't cause symptoms, so you wouldn't know if you had it. But, untreated, it could harm your baby. Prenatal STD tests help keep you and your baby healthy.

What the Test Does

These tests may rule out possible problems, including chlamydia, hepatitis B, herpes, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV.

How the Test Is Done

You'll probably be tested for STDs on your first visit to the doctor when you get pregnant. A blood test will check for some conditions, such as syphilis or HIV. You'll get tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea with a swab or urine test.

What to Know About Test Results

If you test positive for an STD, try to stay calm. Antibiotics will clear up infections like gonorrhea or chlamydia. Antiviral drugs can help with other conditions, such as herpes. You may need more testing or closer monitoring to keep your baby healthy.

How Often the Test Is Done During Your Pregnancy

After your first testing, you may get retested for some STDs later in your pregnancy.

Tests Similar to This One

Blood tests, urine tests

Show Sources


American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Routine Tests in Pregnancy."

CDC: "STDs & Pregnancy Fact Sheet."

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