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Lamaze International: “Lamaze Breathing,” “Healthy Birth Practices.”
The University of Cincinnati, The Ohio State University, and Case Western University: “Pregnancy: Lamaze.”
The Bradley Method (bradleybirth.com): “Why Take Classes in The Bradley Method of Natural Childbirth?” “Course Content.”
The Nemours Foundation: “Natural Childbirth,” “Birthing Centers and Hospital Maternity Services.”
American Society for the Alexander Technique: “Frequently Asked Questions.”
The Complete Guide to the Alexander Technique (alexandertechnique.com): “How the Alexander Technique can help during Pregnancy, Childbirth and Parenthood.”
Hypnobirthing Institute: “What is Hypnobirthing?”
Waterbirth International: “FAQ,” “Benefits of Waterbirth.”
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: “Immersion in Water During Labor and Delivery.”
The Embryo Project Encyclopedia: “Birth without Violence (1975), by Frederick Leboyer.”
Cleveland Clinic: “Cesarean Birth (C-Section).”
CDC: “Home Births in the United States, 1990–2009.”
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology: “Apgar Score of 0 at 5 Minutes and Neonatal Seizures or Serious Neurologic Dysfunction in Relation to Birth Setting.”
Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson, MD on January 15, 2021
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