Reviewed by Melinda
Ratini, MS, DO on
January 03, 2017
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American Family Physician: “Diagnosis and Management of Acute Low Back Pain.”
American Pain Foundation: “The ABCs of Back Pain,” “Back Truths: Debunking Common Myths About Back Pain.”
Annals of Internal Medicine: “Clinical Guidelines: Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain.”
Cedars-Sinai: “Back Spasms.”
Cleveland Clinic: “What Is Sciatica?”
Medline Plus: “Back Pain,” "Sciatica."
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Spinal Manipulation for Low-Back Pain."
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: “Back Pain.”
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: “Back Pain Information Page,” “Low Back Pain Fact Sheet.”
Oregon Health & Science University news release: Feb. 23, 2011, “New Treatment Guidelines for Low Back Pain.”
Webster's New World Medical Dictionary , Wiley Publishing, Hoboken, NJ, 2008, Page 380.
Journal of General Internal Medicine: "Evaluating and Managing Acute Low Back Pain in the Primary Care Setting."
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