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What is the formal operational stage in Piaget's stages of development?

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Adolescents who reach this fourth stage of intellectual development -- usually at or after the age of 11 -- are able to logically use symbols related to abstract concepts, such as algebra and science. They can think about multiple variables in systematic ways, formulate hypotheses, and consider possibilities. They also can ponder abstract relationships and concepts such as justice.

SOURCES:
Wood, K. "Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development," in M. Orey  Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology, 2001.
PBS.org: "Piaget describes stages of cognitive development 1923-1952."
Huitt, W. "Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development. Educational Psychology Interactive," 2003.

Reviewed by Hansa D. Bhargava on August 17, 2020

SOURCES:
Wood, K. "Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development," in M. Orey  Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology, 2001.
PBS.org: "Piaget describes stages of cognitive development 1923-1952."
Huitt, W. "Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development. Educational Psychology Interactive," 2003.

Reviewed by Hansa D. Bhargava on August 17, 2020

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