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What is the formal operational stage in Piaget's stages of development?

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Adolescents who reach this fourth stage of intellectual development -- usually at or after the age of 11 -- are able to logically use symbols related to abstract concepts, such as algebra and science. They can think about multiple variables in systematic ways, formulate hypotheses, and consider possibilities. They also can ponder abstract relationships and concepts such as justice.  

Although Piaget believed in lifelong intellectual development, he insisted that the formal operational stage is the final stage of cognitive development, and that continued intellectual development in adults depends on the accumulation of knowledge.

From: Piaget Stages of Development WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: Wood, K. "Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development," in M. Orey   , 2001. PBS.org: "Piaget describes stages of cognitive development 1923-1952." Huitt, W. "Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development. Educational Psychology Interactive," 2003.


Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology

Reviewed by Amita Shroff on October 26, 2017

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

SOURCES: Wood, K. "Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development," in M. Orey   , 2001. PBS.org: "Piaget describes stages of cognitive development 1923-1952." Huitt, W. "Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development. Educational Psychology Interactive," 2003.


Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology

Reviewed by Amita Shroff on October 26, 2017

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