Selected Antidiabetic Agents/Selected Quinolones Interactions

This information is generalized and not intended as specific medical advice. Consult your healthcare professional before taking or discontinuing any drug or commencing any course of treatment.

Medical warning:

Moderate. These medicines may cause some risk when taken together. Contact your healthcare professional (e.g. doctor or pharmacist) for more information.

How the interaction occurs:

How this interaction occurs is not known.

What might happen:

Using some quinolone antibiotics with your diabetes medicine may make your blood sugar too low.

What you should do about this interaction:

Let your healthcare professionals (e.g. doctor or pharmacist) know that you are taking these medicines together. Your doctor may want you to check your blood sugar more often while taking your antibiotic. If you experience a sudden onset of chills, cold sweat, blurred vision, dizziness, drowsiness, shaking, rapid heart rate, weakness, headache, fainting, tingling of the hands or feet, or hunger, check your blood sugar (if possible) and treat yourself for low blood sugar by eating a quick source of glucose such as glucose tablets or gel, table sugar, honey, candy, orange juice, or non-diet soda. Stop using your antibiotic and contact your doctor right away.If you experience pale skin, blurred vision, loss of consciousness, increased thirst, increased urination, fatigue, or fast, deep breathing, check your blood sugar, stop using your antibiotic and contact your doctor right away.Your healthcare professionals may already be aware of this interaction and may be monitoring you for it. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

  • 1.Cipro (ciprofloxacin hydrochloride) US prescribing information. Bayer Corporation May, 2020.
  • 2.Levaquin (levofloxacin) US prescribing information. Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. October 18, 2018.
  • 3.Noroxin (norfloxacin) US prescribing information. Merck & Co., Inc. July, 2016.
  • 4.Floxin (ofloxacin) US prescribing information. Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, Inc. February, 2011.
  • 5.Dear Canadian Healthcare Professional letter: Subject: Updated safety information for TEQUIN (gatifloxacin) and serious hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. Bristol-Myers Squibb Canada May 12, 2006.
  • 6.Letourneau G, Morrison B, McMorran M. Gatifloxacin (Tequin): hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. Canadian Adverse Reaction Newsletter 2003 Jul; 13(2):1-2.
  • 7.Lewis-Hall F. Dear Healthcare Provider letter. Bristol-Myers Squibb February 15, 2006.
  • 8.Roberge RJ, Kaplan R, Frank R, Fore C. Glyburide-ciprofloxacin interaction with resistant hypoglycemia. Ann Emerg Med 2000 Aug;36(2):160-3.
  • 9.Lin G, Hays DP, Spillane L. Refractory hypoglycemia from ciprofloxacin and glyburide interaction. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 2004;42(3):295-7.
  • 10.Friedrich LV, Dougherty R. Fatal hypoglycemia associated with levofloxacin. Pharmacotherapy 2004 Dec;24(12):1807-12.
  • 11.Lawrence KR, Adra M, Keir C. Hypoglycemia-induced anoxic brain injury possibly associated with levofloxacin. J Infect 2006 Jun;52(6):e177-80.
  • 12.Garber SM, Pound MW, Miller SM. Hypoglycemia associated with the use of levofloxacin. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2009 Jun 1;66(11):1014-9.
  • 13.FDA (US Food and Drug Administration). FDA Drug Safety Communication: FDA reinforces safety information about serious low blood sugar levels and mental health side effects with fluoroquinolone antibiotics; requires label changes. available at: %20Drug%20Safety%20Communication%20for%20fluoroquinolone%20antibiotics-%2 0Drug%20Information%20Update&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Eloqua July 10, 2018.
  • 14.Micheli L, Sbrilli M, Nencini C. Severe hypoglycemia associated with levofloxacin in Type 2 diabetic patients receiving polytherapy: two case reports. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 2012 Apr;50(4):302-6.

Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by First Databank, Inc. This copyrighted material has been downloaded from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, except as may be authorized by the applicable terms of use.

CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.