Shock Treatment

Call 911

1. Lay the Person Down, if Possible

  • Elevate the person's feet about 12 inches unless head, neck, or back is injured or you suspect broken hip or leg bones.
  • Do not raise the person's head.
  • Turn the person on side if they are vomiting or bleeding from the mouth.

2. Begin CPR, if Necessary

If the person is not breathing or breathing seems dangerously weak:

  • For a child, start CPR for children.
  • For an adult, start adult CPR.
  • Continue CPR until help arrives or the person wakes up.

3. Treat Obvious Injuries

4. Keep Person Warm and Comfortable

  • Loosen restrictive clothing.
  • Cover with a coat or blanket.
  • Keep the person still. Do not move the person unless there is danger.
  • Reassure the person.
  • Do not give anything to eat or drink.

5. Follow Up

  • At the hospital, the person will be given oxygen and intravenous fluids.
  • Blood test, urine tests, heart test and xrays and/or CT scans may be done.
  • Other treatment will depend on the cause of shock.

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on January 15, 2020

Sources

SOURCES:

American College of Emergency Physicians Foundation: "Shock."

National Health Service (U.K.): "First Aid for Shock."

Merck Manuals: "Shock."

Shock Information from eMedicineHealth.

© 2020 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.