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Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America: "Diet and Nutrition."
Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health: “Iron: Fact Sheet for Consumers,” “Calcium: Fact Sheet for Consumers” and “Vitamin D: Fact Sheet for Consumers.”
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Ulcerative Colitis.”
HealthLink BC: "Food Sources of Calcium and Vitamin D."
Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America: "Managing Flares and Other IBD Symptoms."
Walter J. Coyle, MD, director, Gastrointestinal Program, Scripps Clinic Medical Center, La Jolla, CA.
Gastroenterology & Hepatology: “Probiotics in the Management of Ulcerative Colitis.”
The American Journal of Gastroenterology: “VSL#3 probiotic mixture induces remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis.”
Reviewed by Neha Pathak, MD on November 21, 2019
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.