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Which foods have tyramine?

ANSWER

Here are examples of especially tyramine-rich foods:

  • Aged chicken liver
  • Aged cheese
  • Beer on tap
  • Meats that have been cured, fermented, or air-dried, such as summer sausage
  • Red wine
  • Sauerkraut
  • Smoked fish
  • Soy sauce

Other foods that may contain tyramine include:

  • Sauces containing fish or shrimp
  • Miso soup
  • Yeast extract

Also, foods high in protein may contain more tyramine if:

  • They have been stored for a long time
  • They have not been kept cold enough

SOURCES:

Sun-Edelstein, C. Clinical Journal of Pain, June 2009; vol 25: pp 446-452.

Rumore, M. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, June 2010; vol 25: pp 265-269.

Walker, S. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, October 1996; vol 16: pp 383-388.

D'Andrea, G. Cephalalgia, August 2006; vol 26: pp. 968-972.

Andress-Rothrock, D. Headache, September 2010; vol 50: pp 1366-1370.

Hauge, A. Cephalalgia, March 2011; vol 31: pp 416-438.

McCabe-Sellers, B. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, August2006; vol 19: pp S58-S65.

National Headache Foundation: "Keeping a Headache Diary Can Help Your Doctor Help You."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 18, 2018

SOURCES:

Sun-Edelstein, C. Clinical Journal of Pain, June 2009; vol 25: pp 446-452.

Rumore, M. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, June 2010; vol 25: pp 265-269.

Walker, S. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, October 1996; vol 16: pp 383-388.

D'Andrea, G. Cephalalgia, August 2006; vol 26: pp. 968-972.

Andress-Rothrock, D. Headache, September 2010; vol 50: pp 1366-1370.

Hauge, A. Cephalalgia, March 2011; vol 31: pp 416-438.

McCabe-Sellers, B. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, August2006; vol 19: pp S58-S65.

National Headache Foundation: "Keeping a Headache Diary Can Help Your Doctor Help You."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 18, 2018

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