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What are the symptoms of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (MS)?

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After living with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) for many years, most people will get secondary progressive MS. In this type, symptoms begin a steady march without relapses or remissions. (In this way, it’s like primary progressive MS.) The change typically happens between 10 and 20 years after you’re diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS.

SOURCES:

Miller, D. Lancet Neurology, 2007.

Goetz, C. Textbook of Clinical Neurology, 3rd edition, Saunders, 2007.

Rovaris, M. Lancet Neurology, 2006.

Tullma,n M. Multiple Sclerosis, 2004.

Acherio, A. Annals of Neurology, 2007.

Sadovnick, A. Annals of Neurology, 1993.

DeStefano, F. Archives of Neurology, 2003.

National MS Society: "Viruses."

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on August 26, 2021

SOURCES:

Miller, D. Lancet Neurology, 2007.

Goetz, C. Textbook of Clinical Neurology, 3rd edition, Saunders, 2007.

Rovaris, M. Lancet Neurology, 2006.

Tullma,n M. Multiple Sclerosis, 2004.

Acherio, A. Annals of Neurology, 2007.

Sadovnick, A. Annals of Neurology, 1993.

DeStefano, F. Archives of Neurology, 2003.

National MS Society: "Viruses."

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on August 26, 2021

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How effective are treatments for secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (MS)?

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