Temporomandibular joint disorders, often called TMJ, occur as a result of problems with the jaw, jaw joint, and surrounding facial muscles that control chewing and moving the jaw. Causes include injury to the jaw joint, grinding or clenching the teeth, dislocation of the soft cushion or disc between the ball and socket, and osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in the temporomandibular joint. Symptoms include tenderness or pain in the face, jaw joint area, neck and shoulders, a clicking sound in the jaw joint when opening or closing the mouth, headaches, toothaches, neckaches, and tinnitus. Treatment may include wearing a mouth guard at night, using muscle relaxants, and low-level laser therapy to reduce inflammation. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about temporomandibular joint disorders, what causes them, how they are diagnosed and treated, and much more.
Temporomandibular Disorders (TMJ & TMD)
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) occur as a result of problems with the jaw, jaw joint (or TMJ), and surrounding facial muscles.
Diagnostic Arthroscopy for Temporomandibular Disorders-Topic Overview
Arthroscopy may be used to diagnose a temporomandibular (TM) disorder when: The source of the symptoms can't be identified with other tests,and other treatment has not relieved pain. A surgeon needs to confirm the diagnosis of a joint problem before surgery. A health professional needs to see how the joint moves to make a diagnosis. ...
Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)-Exams and Tests
Learn about exams and tests used to diagnose temporomandibular disorders (TM disorders).
Arthrocentesis for Temporomandibular Disorders-Topic Overview
Arthrocentesis is done by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon,who uses needles to withdraw fluid from and/or inject fluid or medicine into a joint space. Arthrocentesis of the temporomandibular (TM) joint is used: To treat painful and limited jaw movement (hypomobility) or disc displacement that has caused chronic,severe pain. As a diagnostic tool,when there is a need to analyze joint fluid ...
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