The Warning Signs of Stroke

When you have a stroke, your brain isn't getting the blood it needs. You need treatment right away to lower your chances of brain damage, disability, or even death.

Use the FAST test to check for the most common symptoms of a stroke in yourself or someone else.

Face: Smile and see if one side of the face droops.

Arms: Raise both arms. Does one arm drop down?

Speech: Say a short phrase and check for slurred or strange speech.

Time: If the answer to any of these is yes, call 911 right away and note what time the symptoms started.

Minutes matter in treating stroke. Calling a doctor or driving to the hospital yourself wastes time. Ambulance workers can judge your situation sooner, and that boosts your chance of getting the treatment you need as soon as possible.

Depending on the type of stroke, you may be given aspirin or powerful clot-busting drugs. The best results happen when you get this medication within 3 hours of the symptoms starting. If your stroke is the result of a ruptured blood vessel, doctors will try to stop the bleeding as soon as possible.

Warning Signs

Sometimes a stroke happens gradually. But you're likely to have one or more sudden symptoms like these:

  • Numbness or weakness in your face, arm, or leg, especially on one side
  • Confusion or trouble understanding other people
  • Trouble speaking
  • Trouble seeing with one or both eyes
  • Trouble walking or staying balanced or coordinated
  • Dizziness
  • Severe headache that comes on for no reason

If you have these symptoms, call 911 even if you’re not sure you’re having a stroke.

Be Prepared

Each year, some 800,000 people in the U.S. have a stroke. They can happen to anyone at any time. Planning for an emergency can make a big difference.

  • Learn the warning signs of a stroke and let your family and friends know, too.
  • If you have any medical conditions, wear a medical bracelet or other identification that lists them, your allergies, and any medication you take.
  • Teach your children the FAST test, plus how to call 911, give your address, and describe what’s happening.
WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum, MD on August 24, 2017

Sources

SOURCES:

American Stroke Association: "Impact of Stroke," "Types of Stroke," "Stroke Warning Signs," “Act FAST,” “6 Ways You Can Prepare for an Emergency.”

American Academy of Family Physicians: "Stroke: Warning Signs and Tips for Prevention."

American Heart Association: "Stroke Warning Signs."

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "NINDS Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke Information Page."

Neurology Today: “Calls to Physicians’ Offices May Delay Stroke Care.”

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “What Is a Stroke?”

Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes: “Patterns of Emergency Medical Services Use and Its Association With Timely Stroke Treatment.”

Lancet: “Effect of treatment delay, age, and stroke severity on the effects of intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase for acute ischaemic stroke: a meta-analysis of individual patient data from randomized trials.”

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